- Drinking patterns of women correlate with those of significant others more so than men. Substance use typically initiated at the encouragement of "Darlings, Dealers, or Doctors."
- Highest rates of alcohol related problems:
- Cohabitators (living together) versus married Youngest (21-34) have highest rate of alcohol-related problems - tend to be "role-less" (never married, no children, less-than-full-time employed).
- Middle (35-49) have highest proportion of heavy drinkers — tend to have "lost role" (separated/divorced, unemployed, children living apart).
- Older (50-64) are "role entrapment or empty nesters" (married, children gone, not working).
- Addicted women entering treatment are more likely to be married/cohabiting with an addicted partner or separated/divorced…while alcoholic men are most likely married to a non-addicted spouse. Male partners are significantly more likely to end their relationship with an addicted woman during her first year after treatment.
Excerpted from Sheila Blume, MD "Women: Clinical Aspects," Substance Abuse: A Comprehensive Textbook, Third Edition, 1997, Editors: Joyce Lowinson, Pedro Ruiz, Robert Millman, John Langrod and summarized by Eileen Beyer, Psy. D., CAC Diplomate.