August 12, 2009
CONTACT: Kim Guenther
Vision Improvement After Gene Therapy for Inherited Retinal Blindness Maintained at One Year
Slow Visual Gains and New Use of the Treated Retina Emerge at One Year
PHILADELPHIA – One year after a trio of young adults received gene therapy for an inherited form of blindness, researchers have documented that the patients are still experiencing the same level of remarkable vision improvements previously measured within weeks. This is the first study to report one-year gene therapy safety and efficacy results in treating young adults with Leber Congenital Amaurosis (LCA), a hereditary condition that causes severe vision impairment in infants and children. The findings are published in Human Gene Therapy, now online, and in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) this week.
The three patients – 22, 24 and 25 years old – who received the gene therapy have a specific type of LCA caused by a genetic mutation in the RPE65 gene. This gene normally makes a critical protein in the visual cycle. Without this RPE65 protein, light-sensitive photoreceptor cells are starved of a retina-specific form of vitamin A and cannot function, blocking vision.
To correct this genetic defect, researchers targeted retinal regions with impaired, but intact, photoreceptors and injected healthy copies of the RPE65 gene under the retina. One year after the single injection, the healthy genes continue to make this critical protein, increasing the retina’s sensitivity to light.
“We had previously shown that RPE65 gene therapy can completely reverse one of the two components of this complex disease and provide patients with increased day- and night-vision within weeks,” said Artur V. Cideciyan, PhD, Research Associate Professor of Ophthalmology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and lead author of the publications. “We now show that the longevity of the visual improvements extends to at least one year.”
The team of researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine included Tomas S. Aleman, MD, Research Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology and Samuel G. Jacobson, MD, PhD, Professor of Ophthalmology at Penn Medicine’s Scheie Eye Institute and principal investigator of the clinical trial, along with additional colleagues at Penn and at the University of Florida, Gainesville.
One patient was able to read an illuminated clock for the first time, as reported in the NEJM article, one year after the treatment. This new ability was not caused by a further increase in light sensitivity, which remained unchanged from 1 to 12 months after the treatment, but likely by a slow change in the direction of focus to her treated retina. The change appeared 12 months after gene therapy, but not before.
“This fascinating finding shows that a person can adapt to the new vision resulting from gene therapy over a prolonged period of time,” said Jacobson. “We will look closely at whether these slow visual gains could be accelerated with visual training in future studies.”
As further reports of the safety and efficacy of ocular gene therapy in hereditary blindness come forth, treatment strategies in subsequent phases of the clinical trials can be refined.
This Phase I clinical trial is supported by the National Eye Institute (NEI) at the National Institutes of Health. For additional information about LCA, visit www.nei.nih.gov/lca. To view the NIH press release, visit http://www.nih.gov/news/health/aug2009/nei-12.htm. Find more information about this trial (NCT 00481546) at www.clinicaltrials.gov.
Penn Medicine is one of the world's leading academic medical centers, dedicated to the related missions of medical education, biomedical research, and excellence in patient care. Penn Medicine consists of the Raymond and Ruth Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania (founded in 1765 as the nation's first medical school) and the University of Pennsylvania Health System, which together form a $4.3 billion enterprise.
The Perelman School of Medicine has been ranked among the top five medical schools in the United States for the past 16 years, according to U.S. News & World Report's survey of research-oriented medical schools. The School is consistently among the nation's top recipients of funding from the National Institutes of Health, with $398 million awarded in the 2012 fiscal year.
The University of Pennsylvania Health System's patient care facilities include: The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania -- recognized as one of the nation's top "Honor Roll" hospitals by U.S. News & World Report; Penn Presbyterian Medical Center; and Pennsylvania Hospital -- the nation's first hospital, founded in 1751. Penn Medicine also includes additional patient care facilities and services throughout the Philadelphia region.
Penn Medicine is committed to improving lives and health through a variety of community-based programs and activities. In fiscal year 2012, Penn Medicine provided $827 million to benefit our community.
The Department of Ophthalmology (Scheie Eye Institute) at Penn Medicine is a world leader in patient care as well as eye and vision research. In 2006, the Scheie Eye Institute was #1 in funding from the National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, among all departments of ophthalmology in the United States.
The Department of Ophthalmology is home to the Center for Hereditary Retinal Degenerations, founded in 1995, which is among only a few centers in the United States and Europe devoted to diagnosing and developing therapies for hereditary retinal causes of vision loss.