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J. William Gaynor, M.D.
Pediatric Surgery

 
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Administrative/Clinical Office:
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Room 8527 Main Building
34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard
Philadelphia, PA 19104-4399
Administrative Assistant: Christine Wulko
Administrative Telephone:
215-590-2708
Administrative Fax: 215-590-2715

Gaynor@email.chop.edu

Link to Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

 

Dr. Gaynor is an attending cardiothoracic surgeon at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and associate professor of surgery at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. He received his medical degree at the Medical University of South Carolina, then completed general and cardiothoracic surgery residencies at Parkland Memorial Hospital and Duke University Medical Center. He completed the congenital cardiac surgery fellowship at the Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street in London. He received his appointment at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia in 1995.

Dr. Gaynor performs the full range of reconstructive congenital operations, as well as cardiothoracic transplantation. He coordinates the program in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). He successfully performed heart transplantation on a child following 44 days of support with ECMO, a record duration preceding transplantation. Dr. Gaynor is also organizing the Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery's implantable ventricular assist device (VAD) program. He specializes in the analyses of clinical case series, utilizing the large case rate at Children's Hospital to understand the nature and variety of congenital cardiac and thoracic lesions and determine the effectiveness of surgical intervention.

In the laboratory, Drs. Gaynor and Spray are investigating the early stages of pulmonary vascular obstructive disease, a complication of many congenital cardiac anomalies. Specifically, they are studying early endothelial cell alterations in the expression of factors that influence pulmonary vascular tone. Dr. Gaynor is also an authority on the measurement of intrinsic left ventricular contractility.

 
Appointments
2002 - present  Daniel M. Tabas Endowed Chair in Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery
The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
 
2002 - present Associate Professor of Surgery at CHOP
Perelman School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
 
1995 - 2002 Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
 
1993 - 1995 Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina
 
1993 - 1995 Assistant Professor of Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina
 
Hospital and Administrative Appointments
2013 - present  Active Staff, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Virtua Health
Marlton, New Jersey
 
2010 - present Active Staff, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Capital Health
Trenton, New Jersey
 
2010 - present   Active Staff, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Monmouth Medical Center
Long Branch, New Jersey
 
2005 - present  Active Staff, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Temple University
Philadelphia, PA
 
2003 - present Active Staff, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Abington Hospital
Abington, PA
 
2009 - present Active Staff, Cardiothoracic Surgery, St. Lukes Medical Center
Bethlehem, PA
 
2003 - present Active Staff, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Reading Hospital
Reading, PA
 
2001 - 2002 Active Staff, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Virtua West Jersey Health System
Voorhees, NJ
 
2001 - 2006 Active Staff, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Jersey City Medical Center
Jersey City, NJ
 
1997 - 2007 Active Staff, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center
Newark, NJ
 
1999 - present  Active Staff, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Pennsylvania Hospital
Philadelphia, PA
 
1995 - present Associate Surgeon, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, PA
 
1995 - present Active Staff, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
 
1994 - 1995 Staff Physician, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Durham Veterans Admin.
Hospital, Durham, NC
 
1993 -1995 Active Staff, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center
Durham, NC
 
Education/Training
1982 MD - Medical University of South Carolina
 
1978 BS - Davidson College, Honors in Mathematics
 
Postgraduate Training and Fellowship Appointments
1992 - 1993 Senior Surgical Registrar, Cardiothoracic Unit
The Hospital for Sick Children - Great Ormond Street
London, England
 
1991 - 1992 Teaching Scholar in Cardiac Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina
 
1990 - 1991 Chief Resident in Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina
 
1987 - 1990 Senior Assistant Resident in Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina
 
1985 - 1987 Research Fellow, Department of Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina
 
1984 - 1985 Junior Assistant Resident in Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina
 
1983 - 1984 Junior Assistant Resident in Medicine
Parkland Memorial Hospital - Dallas, Texas
 
1982 - 1983 Intern in Medicine, Parkland Memorial Hospital
Dallas, Texas
 
Memberships/Societies
  • American Association for Thoracic Surgery
  • American College of Surgeons
  • The Society of Thoracic Surgeons
  • The European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
  • The Society of University Surgeons
  • Southern Thoracic Surgical Association
  • Congenital Heart Surgeons Society
  • European Congenital Heart Surgeons Association
  • American Academy of Pediatrics - Section on Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery
  • American Heart Association - Council on Cardio-Thoracic and Vascular Surgery
  • American Heart Association - Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young
  • American College of Cardiology
  • David C. Sabiston, Jr. Surgical Society
  • International Society for Heart & Lung Transplantation
  • World Society for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery
  • American Society of Extracorporeal Technology
 
Research
 
Principal Investigator of Grants
2011 - 2016 Pediatric Heart Network UO1HL109818
Co-Principal Investigator
 
2012 - 2013 International Study of Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Following Cardiac Surgery in Neonates and Infants, Mend- a- Heart Foundation
 
2003 - 2007 APOE Genotype and Sequelae of Infant Cardiac Surgery
NIH (R01 HL71834-01A1)
 
2003 - 2004 The systemic inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass and cerebral white matter injury. The Ethel Brown Foerderer Fund for Excellence.
 
2002 - 2003 Long-term functional and neurodevelopmental follow-up of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection repair.  The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia GCRC Grant (NIH M01-RR00240)
 
2001 - 2004 Neuro-Cardiac Research Program
Fannie E. Rippel Foundation and The Children’s Hospital Foundation
 
2000 - 2001 Genetic predisposition to neurodevelopmental injury following repair of congenital heart defects. Fourjay Foundation
 
1999 - 2002 Genetic predisposition to neurodevelopmental dysfunction after repair of congenital heart defects. AHA National Grant-in-Aid (9950480)
 
1999 Prevention of cardiopulmonary bypass induced pulmonary dysfunction by immunotargeting of antioxidant enzymes to the pulmonary endothelium.
University of Pennsylvania Research Foundation
 
1999 - 2002 Genetic predisposition for neurological dysfunction after repair of congenital heart defects.
The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia GCRC Grant (NIH M01-RR00240)
(Approved, not funded due to alternative funding)
 
1998 - 2000 Cardiac surgical database for neonatal cardiac surgery.
The Ethel Brown Foerderer Fund for Excellence
 
1998 - 2000 Endothelial dysfunction and pulmonary vascular remodeling.
The WW Smith Charitable Trust (H9704)
 
1996 - 1997 Effects of increased blood flow on postnatal pulmonary vascular development.
Mary L. Smith Charitable Lead Trust (04269-06-J)
 
1996 - 1997 Effects of increased blood flow on postnatal pulmonary vascular development.
Tommy Martin Memorial Fund
 
1995 - 1998 Effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on pulmonary endothelial function.
AHA National Grant-in-Aid (95014360)
 
Additional Funded Research: Collaborating Investigator
2011 - 2016 Augmented Physiologic Monitoring to Predict Brain Injury in Infants with CHD
(R01 NS72338)
Daniel Licht (PI)
 
2009 - 2014 Pediatric Critical Care Research Network, U10HD063108
Robert Berg (PI)
 
2010 - 2015 Brain, Behavior, and Genetic Studies of 22q11.2, (U01MH087636-01A1)
Beverly Emmanuel (PI)
 
2005 - present Trial of Right Ventricular vs. Modified Blalock-Taussig shunts in infants with single ventricle undergoing Staged Reconstruction.
NIH, (5U01HL68279-04)
 
2004 Tissue Archive System, Tommy Martin Memorial Fund
 
2001 - 2006 Cardiovascular mechanotransduction in tissue engineering: Molecular and cellular mechanisms. NIH (HL64388-02)
 
2002 The effects of cardiopulmonary bypass and modified ultrafiltration on the plasma pharmacokinetics of milrinone in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
Sanofi Pharmaceuticals
 
2001 A multicenter pivotal study of the HELEX septal occluder.
W.L. Gore and Associates
 
2000 Neurologic injury before and after congenital heart surgery using magnetic resonance imaging. Baxter Pharmaceutical Products Inc.
 
1999 - 2003 Brain oxygenation and metabolism in cardiopulmonary bypass.
NIH (ROI HL 58669)
 
1998 - 1999 A multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CY-1503 (Cylexin™) in the prevention of reperfusion injury in neonates and infants undergoing hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass during surgical repair of congenital heart defects. Cytel Corporation
 
1992 - 1997 Allopurinol and the prevention of death tissue injury and seizure in the infants with congenital heart disease.  NIH (NO1-NS-1-2315)
 
Other Research Activities
Steering Committee, Co-Chairman
2008 - 2009 Subcommittee - Chairman
Perioperative Working Group, Pediatric Heart Network
NHLBI
 
2005 - present Trial of Right Ventricular vs. Modified Blalock-Taussig Shunt in
Infants with Single Ventricle Undergoing Staged Reconstruction
Pediatric Heart Network
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (5U01H68279 – 04)
Abstract Review
  American Heart Association Scientific Session
Adult Congenital Heart Disease
 
  American College of Cardiology Scientific Session
Congenital Heart Surgery
 
  American Association for Thoracic Surgery Annual Meeting
Congenital Heart Disease
 
  Society of Thoracic Surgery Annual Meeting
Congenital Heart Disease
Grant Review
2007 - 2010 American Association for Thoracic Surgery – Research Scholarship Committee
 
2004 - 2007 American Association for Thoracic Surgery Evarts A Graham Memorial Travel Fellowship
Chairman (2006-2007)
 
2005 - 2007 Thoracic Surgery Foundation for Research and Education
 
2004 - 2008 American Heart Association, Radiology, Surgery and Imaging Study Section
National Institutes of Health, Ad Hoc Reviewer
American Heart Association, Ad Hoc Reviewer
American Heart Association, Cardiovascular Development of CT (Clinical/Translational) Committee
Thesis Committee, Aarhus University, Denmark
  Signe Holm Larsen
“Outcome assessment following congenital heart surgery: morbidity, mortality and functional health”
 
  Morten Smaerup Olsen
“Prognosis for Danish patients with congenital heart defects:  mortality, psychiatric morbidity, and educational achievements”
 
  Thais Almedia Lins Pederson
“Late Morbidity after Repair Aortic Coarctation”
Data Safety Monitoring Boards
2009 - 2012 Member, Data Safety and Monitoring Board, Texas Children’s Hospital
 
  • High Dose Erythopoetin Neuroprotection Trial for Neonatal Cardiac Surgery
2001 - 2002 Chairman, Data Safety Monitoring Board - AVANT Immunotherapeutics, Inc.
 
  • Phase II Study of the Safety and Efficacy of TP10 (SCR1) in the Prevention of Post Cardiopulmonary Bypass Syndromes in Infants Undergoing Surgery for Palliation of Single Ventricle Congenital Heart Defects (Study #TP10-PCS-003).
  • Phase II Study of the Safety and Efficacy of TP10 (SCR1) in the Prevention of Post Cardiopulmonary Bypass Syndromes in Infants Age 1 Year and Less Undergoing Cardiac Surgery including Cardiopulmonary Bypass (Study #TP10-PCS-004).
Supervision of Research Fellows:  The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia - Philadelphia, PA
2013 - present  Mavroudis, CE – Surgical Fellow
 
  • VEGF Polymorphisms and Ventricular Function
2013 - present Downing, T – Cardiology Fellow
 
  • Long-term Outcomes of the Fontan Procedure
2013 - present Allen, K – Cardiology Fellow
 
  • Long-term Outcomes of the Fontan Procedure
2006 - 2007 Chen, J – Cardiology Fellow
 
  • Expression of Hypoxia Inducible Factor – 1 (HIF -1) in the Brain of Clinically Cyanotic Piglets
  • Risk Factors for Stroke following Neonatal and Infant Cardiac Surgery
2004 – 2006 Khan, A - Surgical Research Fellow
 
  • Effects of Chronic Cyanosis on Myocardial Mitochondrial Cytokine Oxidase Expression and Function
  • Effects of Chronic Cyanosis on Myocardial Natriuretic Peptide Expression
2003 - 2004  Birbach, M - Surgical Research Fellow
 
  • Mechanisms of Ventricular Dysrrhythmia after Repair of Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Patterns of Cerebral Gene Activation Following Deep Hypothermic   Circulatory Arrest
  • Effects of Chronic Cyanosis on Myocardial Mitochondrial Cytokine Oxidase Expression and Function
2001 - 2003 Petko, M - Surgical Research Fellow
 
  • Role of Calcium-Activated Endopeptidases (Calpains) as Mediators of Central Nervous System Injury following Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest
  • Mechanisms of Ventricular Dysrrhythmias after Repair of Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Neurologic Injury after Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest in Chronic Cyanotic Animal Model
2000 - 2003 Myung, RJ - Surgical Research Fellow
 
  • Effects of Modified Ultrafiltration on Neuronal Death following Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest
  • Mechanisms of Ventricular Dysrrhythmias after Repair of Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Neurologic Injury after Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest in Chronic Cyanotic Animal Model
2000 - 2001 Kirshbom, PM - Surgical Research Fellow
 
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases and Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling
1999 - 2000 O’Brien JE - Surgical Research Fellow
 
  • Prevention of Cardiopulmonary Bypass Induced Pulmonary Dysfunction by Immunotargeting of Antioxidant Enzymes
1998 - 1999  Raff, GW - Surgical Research Fellow
 
  • Effects of Increased Pulmonary Blood Flow on Pulmonary Endothelial Cell Function
1996 - 1998 Vitvitsky EV - Surgical Research Fellow
 
  • Effects of Increased Pulmonary Blood Flow on Pulmonary Endothelial Cell Function
Supervision of Research Fellows:  Duke University Medical Center - Durham, NC
1994 - 1995 Davies, MJ - Surgical Research Fellow
 
  • Evaluation of Neonatal Left Ventricular Function
1994 - 1995 Quartermain, RL - Medical Student
 
  • Effects of Triiodothyronine Therapy on the Neonatal Left Ventricle
1994 - 1995  Kirshbom, PM - Surgical Research Fellow
 
  • Expression of Endothelin-1 in the Lung after Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Circulatory Arrest
  • Effects of Cardiopulmonary Bypass on Endothelial Dependent Vasodilation in the Lung
1994 - 1995 Skaryak, LA - Surgical Research Fellow
 
  • Modified Ultrafiltration and Cerebral Metabolic Recovery after Circulatory Arrest
  • Low Flow Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Pulmonary Dysfunction
 
Publications
Original Papers
  1. Feneley MP, Maier GW, Gaynor JW, Gall SA, Kisslo JA, Davis JW, and Rankin JS.  Sequence of mitral valve motion and transmitral blood flow during manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation in dogs.  Circulation 1987; 76:363-375.
  2. Feneley MP, Maier GW, Kern KB, Gaynor JW, Gall SA Jr, Sanders AB, Raessler K, Muhlbaier LH, Rankin JS, and Ewy GA.  Influence of compression rate on initial success of resuscitation and 24 hour survival after prolonged manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation in dogs.  Circulation 1988; 77:240-250.
  3. Feneley MP, Gaynor JW, Maier GW, Gall SA Jr, Kisslo JA, and Rankin JS.  In vivo estimation of left ventricular wall volume in volume-overloaded canine hearts.  Am J Physiol 1988; 255:H1399-H1404.
  4. Glower DD, Douglas JM Jr, Gaynor JW, Jones RN, and Oldham HN Jr.  Candida mediastinitis after a cardiac operation.  Ann Thorac Surg 1990; 49:157-163.
  5. Feneley MP, Elbeery JR, Gaynor JW, Gall SA Jr, Davis JW, and Rankin JS.  Ellipsoidal shell subtraction model of right ventricular volume: comparison with regional free wall dimensions as indexes of right ventricular function.  Circ Res 1990; 67:1427-1436.
  6. Gall SA Jr, Maier GW, Glower DD, Gaynor JW, Cobb FR, Sabiston DC Jr, and Rankin JS.  Recovery of myocardial function after repetitive episodes of reversible ischemia.  Am J Physiol 1993; 264:H1130-H1138.
  7. Miller OI, Gaynor JW, Macrae DJ, and Tasker RC.  Inhaled nitric oxide for pulmonary hypertension after repair of exomphalos.  Arch Dis Child 1993; 69:518-520.
  8. Gaynor JW, Feneley MP, Gall SA Jr, Maier GW, Kisslo JA, Davis JW, Rankin JS, and Glower DD Jr.  Measurement of left ventricular volume in normal and volume-overloaded canine hearts.  Am J Physiol 1994; 266:H329-H340.
  9. Skaryak LA, Kirshbom PM, DiBernardo LR, Kern FH, Greeley WJ, Ungerleider RM, and Gaynor JW.  Modified ultrafiltration improves cerebral metabolic recovery after circulatory arrest.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995; 109:744-752.
  10. Gaynor JW, Burke M, Dollery C, Sullivan I, Deanfield J, and Elliott MJ.  Repair of anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the superior vena cava.  Ann Thorac Surg 1995; 59:1471-1475.
  11. Gaynor JW, Bull C, Sullivan ID, Armstrong BE, Deanfield JE, Taylor JFN, Rees PG, Ungerleider RM, de Leval MR, Stark J, and Elliott MJ.  Late outcome of survivors of intervention for neonatal aortic valve stenosis.  Ann Thorac Surg 1995; 60:122-126.
  12. Kirshbom PM, Tsui SSL, DiBernardo LR, Meliones JN, Schwinn DA, Ungerleider RM, and Gaynor JW.  Blockade of endothelin converting enzyme reduces pulmonary hypertension after cardiopulmonary bypass and circulatory arrest.  Surgery 1995; 118:440-445.
  13. DiMaio JM, Van Trigt P, Gaynor JW, Davis RD, Coveney E, Clary BM, and Lyerly HK.  Generation of tumor-specific T lymphocytes for treatment of post-transplant lymphoma.  Circulation 1995; 92 (Suppl II): 202-205.
  14. Kirshbom PM, Skaryak LA, DiBernardo LR, Kern FH, Greeley WJ, Gaynor JW, and Ungerleider RM.  Effects of aorto-pulmonary collaterals on cerebral cooling and cerebral metabolic recovery following circulatory arrest.  Circulation 1995; 92 (Suppl II): 490-494.
  15. Ungerleider RM, Kisslo J, Bengur AR, Li J, Kern FH, Gaynor JW, and Greeley WJ.  Intraoperative echocardiography during congenital heart surgery: Experience from 1000 cases.  Ann Thorac Surg 1995; 60:S539-S542.
  16. Kirshbom PM, Skaryak LA, DiBernardo LR, Kern FH, Greeley WJ, Gaynor JW, and Ungerleider RM.  pH-stat cooling improves cerebral metabolic recovery after circulatory arrest in infants with aorto-pulmonary collaterals.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1996; 111:147-157.
  17. Kirshbom PM, Tapson VF, Harrison JK, Davis RD, and Gaynor JW.  Delayed right heart failure following lung transplantation.  Chest 1996; 109:575-577.
  18. Tsui SSL, Kirshbom PM, Davies MJ, Jacobs MT, Greeley WJ, Kern FH, Gaynor JW, and Ungerleider RM.  Nitric oxide production affects cerebral perfusion and metabolism after deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.  Ann Thorac Surg 1996; 61:1699-1707.
  19. Kirshbom PM, Jacobs TM, Steven SL, Tsui SSL, DiBernardo LR, Schwinn DA, Ungerleider RM, and Gaynor JW.  Effects of cardiopulmonary bypass and circulatory arrest on endothelium dependent vasodilation in the lung.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1996; 111:1248-1256.
  20. Koutlas TC, Harrison JK, Bashore TM, O'Laughlin MP, Tripp ME, and Gaynor JW.  Late conduit occlusion after modified Fontan procedure with classic Glenn shunt.  Ann Thorac Surg 1996; 62:258-262.
  21. Van Trigt P, Davis RD, Shaeffer GS, Gaynor JW, Landolfo KP, Higginbotham MB, Tapson VF, and Ungerleider RM.  Survival benefits of heart and lung transplantation.  Ann Surg 1996; 223:576-584.
  22. Skaryak LA, Kirshbom PM, DiBernardo LR, Wilson BG, Meliones JN, Ungerleider RM, and Gaynor JW.  Low-flow cardiopulmonary bypass produces greater pulmonary dysfunction than circulatory arrest.  Ann Thorac Surg 1996; 62:1284-1288.
  23. Bridges ND, Gaynor JW, and Spray TL. Outcome of children with pulmonary hypertension referred for lung or heart and lung transplantation.  Transplantation 1996; 62:1824-1828.
  24. Gaynor JW, Feneley MP, Gall SA, Jr., Savitt MA, Silvestry SC, Davis JW, Rankin JS, and Glower DD.  Left ventricular adaptation to aortic regurgitation in conscious dogs.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1997; 113:149-158.
  25. Koutlas TC, Wernovsky G, Bridges ND, Suh EJ, Godinez RI, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Orthotopic heart transplant for Kawasaki disease after rupture of a giant coronary artery aneurysm.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1997; 113:217-218.
  26. Koutlas TC, Bridges ND, Gaynor JW, and Spray TL.  Pediatric Lung Transplantation - Are there surgical contraindications?  Transplantation 1997; 63:269-274.
  27. Markert ML, McLaughlin TM, Watson TJ, Ward FE, Kostyu DD, Buckley RH, Schiff SE, Ungerleider RM, Gaynor JW, Oldham KT, Mahaffey SM, Ballow M, Driscoll DA, Hale LP, and Haynes BF.  Successful formation of a chimeric human thymus allograft following transplantation of cultured postnatal human thymus.  J Immunol 1997; 158:998-1005.
  28. Kirshbom PM, Page SO, Jacobs MT, Tsui SSL, Bello E, Ungerleider RM, Schwinn DA, and Gaynor, JW.  Cardiopulmonary bypass and circulatory arrest increase endothelin-1 production and receptor expression in the lung.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1997; 113:777-783.
  29. Koutlas TC, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Wernovsky G, and Spray TL.  Modified ultrafiltration reduces postoperative morbidity after cavopulmonary connection.  Ann Thorac Surg 1997; 64:37-43.
  30. Tsui SSL, Kirshbom PM, Davies MJ, Jacobs MT, Kern FH, Gaynor JW, Greeley WJ, and Ungerleider RM.  `Thromboxane A (2)-receptor blockade improves cerebral protection for deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 1997; 12:228-235.
  31. Davies MJ, Khan N, Gaynor JW, and Elliott MJ.  Modified ultrafiltration improves left ventricular systolic function in infants after cardiopulmonary bypass.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1998; 115:361-370.
  32. DiBernardo LR, Kirshbom PM, Skaryak LA, Quarterman RL, Johnson RL, Davies MJ, Gaynor JW, and Ungerleider RM.  Acute functional consequences of left ventriculotomy.  Ann Thorac Surg 1998; 66:159-165.
  33. Vitvitsky EV, Griffin J, Collin MH, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Increased pulmonary blood flow produces endothelial cell dysfunction in neonatal swine.  Ann Thorac Surg 1998; 66:1372-1377.
  34. Cohen MI, Wernovsky G, Vetter VL, Wieand TS, Gaynor JW, Jacobs ML, Spray TL, and Rhodes LA.  Sinus node function after a systematically staged Fontan.  Circulation 1998; 98 (Suppl II): 352-359.
  35. Low DW, Carman-Dillon CA, Gaynor JW, and Acker MA.  Management of sternal and abdominal wounds in a pediatric heart transplant patient: A case report.  Plastic Reconstructive Surg 1998; 102:2100-2210.
  36. Rychik J, Levy H, Gaynor JW, DeCampli WM, and Spray TL.  Outcomes after operations for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1998; 116:924-931.
  37. McLaughlin RB, Wetmore RF, Tavill MA, Gaynor JW, and Spray TL.  Vascular anomalies causing symptomatic tracheobronchial compression.  Laryngoscope 1998; 109:312-319.
  38. Gaynor JW, Collins MH, Rychik J, and Spray TL.  Long-term outcome of infants with single ventricle and total anomalous pulmonary venous connection.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1999; 117:506-514.
  39. Lee HR, Montenegro LM, Nicolson SC, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Rychik J.  Usefulness of intra-operative transeseophageal echocardiography in predicting the degree of post-operative mitral regurgitation secondary to atrioventricular defect in children.  Am J Cardiol 1999; 83:750-753.
  40. McDonnell BE, Gaynor JW, Rychik J, Godinez RI, DeCampli WM, and Spray TL.  Outcome following repair of tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve.  Ann Thorac Surg 1999; 67:1391-1396.
  41. Palmer SM, Miralles AP, Lawrence CM, Gaynor JW, Davis RD, and Tapson VF.  RATG induction decreases acute rejection after lung transplantation: Results of a randomized prospective study.  Chest 1999; 116:127-133.
  42. Cohen MI, Gaynor JW, Ramesh V, Karl TR, Steven JM, Clark BJ, and Rhodes LA.  ECMO for patients with refractory ventricular arrhythmias.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1999; 118:961-963.
  43. Weinstein S, Gaynor JW, Bridges ND, Wernovsky G, Montenegro LM, Godinez RI, and Spray TL.  Early survival of infants weighing 2.5 kilograms or less undergoing first stage reconstruction for hypoplastic left heart syndrome.  Circulation 1999; 100 (Suppl II): 167-170.
  44. Ramesh V, Gaynor JW, Shah M, Wieand TS, Spray TL, Vetter VL, and Rhodes LA.  Comparison of left and right atrial epicardial pacing in patients with congenital heart disease.  Ann Thorac Surg 1999; 68:2314-2319.
  45. Raff GW, Gaynor JW, Weinberg P, Spray TL, and Gleason M.  Membranous subpulmonic stenosis associated with ventricular septal defect and aortic insufficiency.  J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2000; 13:58-60.
  46. Clancy RR, McGaurn SA, Wernovsky G, Spray TL, Norwood WI, Jacobs ML, Murphy JD, Gaynor JW, and Goin JE.  Pre-surgical risk-of-death prediction model in neonatal repair of congenital heart disease.   J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2000; 119:347-357.
  47. Di Russo GB, Clark BJ, Bridges ND, Godinez RI, Paridon SM, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Prolonged extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as bridge to cardiac transplantation in a neonate with Ebstein’s anomaly.  Ann Thorac Surg 2000; 69:925-927.
  48. Hoffman TM, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, Clark BJ, and Bridges ND.  Survival after acute graft failure in pediatric thoracic organ transplant recipients.  Ped Transplantation 2000; 4:112-117.
  49. Gaynor JW, Wernovsky G, Rychik J, Rome JJ, DeCampli WM, and Spray TL.  Outcome following single-stage repair of coarctation with ventricular septal defect.  Eur J Cardio Thorac Surg 2000; 18:62-67.
  50. Rychik J, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, and Wernovsky G.  Assessment of pulmonary-to-systemic flow ratio after first stage palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome: Development of a new index using doppler echocardiography.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2000; 120:81-87.
  51. Smythe WR, Bridges ND, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Clark BJ, and Spray TL.  Bilateral sequential lung transplant for ectodermal dysplasia.  Ann Thorac Surg 2000; 70:654-656.
  52. Yang SG, Novello R, Nicolson SC, Steven J, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Rychik J.  Evaluation of ventricular septal defect repair using intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography: Frequency and significance of residual defects in infants and children.  Echocardiography 2000; 17:681-684.
  53. McElhinney DB, Hedrick HL, Bush DM, Pereira GR, Stafford PW, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Wernovsky G.  Necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates with congenital heart disease: Risk factors and outcomes. Pediatrics 2000; 106:1080-1087.
  54. Cohen MI, Bridges ND, Gaynor JW, Hoffman TM, Wernovsky G, Vetter VL, Spray TL, and Rhodes LA.  Modifications to the cavopulmonary anastomosis do not eliminate sinus node dysfunction.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2000; 120:891-901.
  55. Mahle WT, Spray TL, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW, and Clark BJ.  Survival after reconstructive surgery for hypoplastic left heart syndrome: A 15-year experience from a single institution.  Circulation 2000; 102 (Suppl III): 136-141.
  56. Posner JC, Osterhoudt KC, Mollen CJ, Jacobstein CR, Nicolson SC, and Gaynor JW.  Extracorporeal oxygenation as a resuscitative measure in the pediatric emergency department.  Ped Emerg Care 2000; 16:413-415.
  57. Mott AR, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, Godinez RI, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, DeCampli WM, Schears GJ, and Wernovsky G.  Improved results with cavopulmonary connections for functional single ventricle.  Cardiol Young 2001; 11:3-11.
  58. Mahle WT, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, and Clark BJ.  Unexpected death after reconstructive surgery for hypoplastic left heart syndrome.  Ann Thorac Surg 2001; 71:61-65.
  59. Cohen MI, Rhodes LA, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Rychik J.  Atrial pacing: An alternative treatment for protein-losing enteropathy after the Fontan operation.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2001; 121:582-583.
  60. Hoffman TM, Gaynor JW, Bridges ND, Paridon SM, and Spray TL.  Aortic homograft interposition for management of complete tracheal anastomotic disruption after heart-lung transplantation.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2001; 121:587-588.
  61. Cohen MI, Vetter VL, Wernovsky G, Bush DM, Gaynor JW, Iyer VR, Spray TL, Tanel RE, and Rhodes LA.  Epicardial pacemaker implantation and follow-up in patients with single ventricle after the Fontan operation.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2001; 121:804-811.
  62. Gaynor JW, O’Brien JE, Rychik J, Sanchez GR, DeCampli WM, and Spray TL.  Outcome following tricuspid valve detachment for VSD closure.  Eur J Cardio Thorac Surg 2001; 19:279-282.
  63. Coon PD, Rychik J, Novello RT, Ro P, Gaynor JW, and Spray TL.  Thrombus formation after the Fontan operation.  Ann Thorac Surg 2001; 71:1990-1994.
  64. Kucharczuk JC, Cohen MI, Rhodes LA, Karl TR, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Epicardial atrial pacemaker lead placement after multiple cardiac operations.  Ann Thorac Surg 2001; 71:2057-2058.
  65. Cohen MI, Bush DM, Vetter VL, Tanel RE, Wieand TS, Gaynor JW, and Rhodes LA.  Permanent epicardial pacing in pediatric patients:  Seventeen years of experience and 1200 outpatient visits.  Circulation 2001; 103:2585-2590.
  66. Mahle WT, Gaynor JW, and Spray TL. Atrioventricular valve replacement in patients with single ventricle.  Ann Thorac Surg 2001; 72:182-186.
  67. Kurth CD, Steven JL, Montenegro LM, Watzman HM, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Nicolson SC.  Cerebral oxygen saturation before congenital heart surgery.  Ann Thorac Surg 2001; 72:187-192.
  68. Clancy RR, McGaurn SA, Goin JE, Hirtz DG, Norwood WI, Gaynor JW, Jacobs ML, Wernovsky G, Mahle WT, Murphy JD, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, and Spray TL.  Allopurinol neurocardiac protection trial in infants undergoing heart surgery using deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.  Pediatrics 2001; 108:61-70.
  69. McElhinney DB, Hoydu AK, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Goldmuntz E, and Weinberg PM.  Patterns of right aortic arch and mirror-image branching of the brachiocephalic vessels without associated anomalies.  Ped Cardiol 2001; 22:285-291.
  70. Cohen MS, Weinberg P, Coon PD, Gaynor JW, and Rychik J.  Deviation of atrial septum primum in association with normal left atrioventricular valve size.  J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2001; 14:732-737.
  71. McElhinney DB, Carpentieri DF, Bridges ND, Clark BJ, Gaynor JW, and Spray TL.  Mitral valve sarcoma causing coronary artery occlusion in children.  Cardiology in the Young 2001; 11:539-542.
  72. McElhinney DB, Yang SG, Hogarty AN, Rychik J, Gleason MM, Zachary CH, Rome JJ, Karl TR, DeCampli WM, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Recurrent arch obstruction after repair of isolated coarctation of the aorta in neonates and young infants: Is low weight a risk factor?  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2001; 122:883-890.
  73. Mahle WT, Rychik J, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Rome JJ.  Restrictive interatrial communication after reconstructive surgery for hypoplastic left heart syndrome.  Am J Cardiol 2001; 88:1454-1457.
  74. Jones PL, Chapados R, Raff GW, Vitvitsky EV, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Altered hemodynamics controls matrix metalloproteinase activity and tenascin-C expression in neonatal pig lung.  Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 2002; 282:L26-L35.
  75. Kirshbom PM, Bridges ND, Myung RJ, Gaynor JW, Clark BJ, and Spray TL.  Use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in pediatric thoracic organ transplantation.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2002; 123:130-136.
  76. Gaynor JW, Bridges ND, Cohen MI, Mahle WT, DeCampli WM, Steven JM, Nicolson SC, and Spray TL.  Predictors of outcome after the Fontan operation:  Is hypoplastic left heart syndrome still a risk factor?  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2002; 123:237-245.
  77. Ramamoorthy C, Tabbutt S, Kurth CD, Steven JM, Montenegro LM, Durning S, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Nicolson SC.  Effects of inspired hypoxic and hypercapnic gas mixtures on cerebral oxygen saturation in neonates with univentricular heart defects.  Anesthesiology 2002; 96:283-288.
  78. Gaynor JW, Mahle WT, Cohen MI, Ittenbach RF, DeCampli WM, Steven JM, Nicolson SC, and Spray TL.  Risk factors for mortality after the Norwood procedure.  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2002; 22:82-89.
  79. Cohen MI, Bush DM, Gaynor JW, Vetter VL, Tanel RE, and Rhodes LA.  Pediatric Pacemaker Infections: Twenty-Year Experience.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2002; 124:821-827.
  80. Kirshbom PM, Myung RJ, Gaynor JW, Ittenbach RF, Paridon SM, DeCampli WM, Karl TR, and Spray TL.  Preoperative pulmonary venous obstruction affects long-term outcome for survivors of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection repair.  Ann Thorac Surg 2002; 74:1616-1620.
  81. Hoffman TM, Bush DM, Wernovsky G, Cohen MI, Wieand TS, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Rhodes LA.  Postoperative junctional ectopic tachycardia in children: Incidence, risk factors, and treatment.  Ann Thorac Surg 2002; 74:1607-1611.
  82. Mahle WT, Tavani F, Zimmerman RA, Nicolson SC, Galli K, Gaynor JW, Clancy RR, Montenegro LM, Spray TL, Chiavacci RM, Wernovsky G, and Kurth CD.  An MRI study of neurological injury before and after congenital heart surgery.  Circulation 2002; 106 (Suppl I):I-109-I-114.
  83. Hoffman TM, Wernovsky G, Wieand TS, Cohen MI, Jennings AC, Vetter VL, Godinez RI, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Rhodes LA.  The incidence of arrhythmias in a pediatric cardiac intensive care unit.  Pediatr Cardiol 2002; 23:598-604.                                                        
  84. Clerin V, Gusic RJ, O’Brien J, Kirshbom PM, Myung RJ, Gaynor JW, Gooch KJ.  Mechanical environment, donor age, and the presence of the endothelium interact to modulate porcine artery viability ex vivo.  Ann Biomed Engineering 2002; 30:1117-1127.
  85. Clancy RR, McGaurn SA, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Norwood WI, Jacobs ML, and Goin JE.  Risk of seizures in survivors of newborn heart surgery using deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.  Pediatrics 2003; 111: 592-601.
  86. Clerin V, Nichol JW, Petko M, Myung RJ, Gaynor JW, and Gooch KJ.  Tissue engineering of arteries by directed remodeling of intact arterial segments.  Tissue Engineering 2003; 9:461-472.
  87. Petko M, Myung RJ, Cohen MI, Wernovsky G, Rychik J, Nicolson SC, Gaynor JW, and Spray TL.  Surgical reinterventions following the Fontan procedure.  Eur J Cardio-Thorac Surg 2003; 24:255-259.
  88. Myung RJ, Kirshbom PK, Petko M, Golden JA, Judkins AR, Ittenbach RF, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Modified ultrafiltration may not improve neurologic outcome following deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.  Eur J Cardio-Thorac Surg 2003; 24:243-248.
  89. Cohen MS, Marino BS, McElhinney DB, Robbers-Visser D, van der Woerd W, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Wernovsky G.  Neo-aortic root dilation and valve regurgitation up to 21 years after staged reconstruction for hypoplastic left heart syndrome.   J Am Coll Cardiol 2003; 42: 533-540.
  90. Madan N, Gaynor JW, Tanel R, Cohen M, Nicolson SC, Vetter VL, and Rhodes LA.  Single-finger subcutaneous defibrillation lead and “active can”:  A novel minimally invasive defibrillation configuration for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation in a young child.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2003; 126: 1657-1659.
  91. Gaynor JW, Gerdes M, Zackai EH, Bernbaum J, Wernovsky G, Clancy RR, Newman MF, Saunders AM, Heagerty PJ, D’Agostino JD, McDonald-McGinn D, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, and Jarvik GP.  Apolipoprotein E genotype and neurodevelopmental sequelae of infant cardiac surgery.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2003; 126:1736-1745.
  92. Gould DS, Montenegro LM, Gaynor JW, Lacy SP, Stephens P, Steven JM, Spray TL, and Nicolson SC.  A    comparison of on-site and off-site PDA ligation in premature infants.  Pediatrics 2003; 112: 1298-1301.
  93. Galli KK, Zimmerman RA, Jarvik GP, Wernovsky G, Kuypers MK, Clancy RR, Montenegro LM, Mahle WT, Newman MF, Saunders AM, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW. Periventricular Leukomalacia is common following Neonatal Cardiac Surgery.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2004; 127: 692-704
  94. Pastusko P, Gruber PJ, Wernovsky G, Tanel RE, Rhodes LA, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Gaynor JW.  Thoratec Left Ventricular Assist Device as a Bridge to Recovery in a 27 kg Child. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2004; 127: 1203-1204
  95. Morris MC, Rodolfo IG, Portnoy JD, Tabbutt S, Ittenbach, R, Hanna BD, Hoffman TM, Gaynor JW, Connelly JT, Helfaer MA, Spray TL, and Wernovsky G.  Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in 137 patients in a Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit. Crit Care Med 2004; 32:1061-1069.
  96. Golant A, Lou JE, Erol B, Gaynor JW, Low DW, and Dormans JP.  Pediatric Osteoblastoma of the Sternum:  A New Surgical Technique for Reconstruction after Removal.  Case Report and review of the literature. J Ped Orthoped 2004; 24: 319-322.
  97. Guillamondegui OD, Nance ML, Gaynor JW, Flynn JM, Stafford PW, Crumbleholme TM.  Successful Management of Concomitant Blunt Injury to the Trachea, Esophagus and Cervical Spine in a 6-year old female.  J Pediatr Surg 2004;39: 1130-1132.
  98. Cohen MI, Rhodes LA, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Efficacy of prophylactic epicardial pacing leads in children leads in children and young adults.  Ann Thorac Surg 2004; 78: 197-203.
  99. Lacour-Gayet F, Clarke D, Jacobs J, Pozzi M, Hamilton DL, Daebritz S, Gaynor JW, Maruszsewski B, Mavroudis C, Jacobs M.  The Aristotle Score: a Complexity-Adjusted Method to Evaluate Surgical Results.  Eur J Cardio-Thorac Surg 2004; 25: 911-924.
  100. Jacobs JP, Mavroudis C, Jacobs ML, Lacour-Gayet FG, Tchervenkov CI, Gaynor JW, Dokholyan RS, Peterson ED.  Lessons Learned from the Data Analysis of the Second Harvest (1998-2001) of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Congenital Heart Surgery Database. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2004; 26: 18-37.
  101. Lodge AJ, Rychik J, Nicolson SC, Ittenbach RF, Spray TL, Gaynor JW.  Improving outcomes in functional single ventricle and total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Ann Thorac Surg 2004; 78:1688-1695.
  102. Zeltzer I, Rhodes L, Tanel RE, Vetter VL, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Cohen M.  Post-pericardiotomy syndrome following permanent pacemaker implantation in children and young adults. Ann Thorac Surg 2004; 78:1684-1687. 
  103. Fogel MA, Durning S, Wernovsky G, Pollack AN, Gaynor JW, Nicolson S.  Brain verses lungs: Hierarchy of feedback loops in single ventricle patients with superior cavopulmonary connection.  Circulation 2004; 110 (Supp Π): Π 147- Π 152.
  104. Licht D, Wang J, Silvestre DW, Nicolson SC, Montenegro, LM, Tabbutt S, Durning SM, Shabbout M, Shera DM, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Clancy R, Zimmerman A, Dittre JA.  Preoperative cerebral blood flow is diminished in neonates with severe congenital heart defects.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg  2004: 128:841-849.
  105. Hoehn KS, Wernovsky G, Rychik J, Tian ZY, Donaghue D, Alderfer MA, Gaynor JW, Kazak AE, Spray TL, Nelson RM.  Parental decision making in congenital heart disease.  Cardiol young 2004; 14: 309-314.
  106. Gaynor JW, Kuypers M, Rossem M, Wernovsky G, Marino B, Tabbutt S, Nicolson SC, Spray TL.    Hemodynamic Changes during Modified Ultrafiltration Immediately Following Stage 1 Reconstruction in 99 Neonates.  Cardiol Young 2005; 15:4-7.
  107. Hoehn KS, Wernovsky G, Rychik J, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Feudtner C and Nelson RM.  What factors are important to parents making decisions in neonatal research?  Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal ED 2005; 90: 267-269.
  108. Clancy RR, Sharif U, Ichord R, Spray TL, Nicolson S, Tabbutt S, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW.  Electrographic neonatal seizures after infant heart surgery.  Epilepsia  2005; 46:84-90.
  109. Jacobs JP, Lacour-Gayet FG, Jacobs ML, Clarke DR, Tchervenkov CI, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Maruszewski B, Stellin G, Gould J, Dokholyan RS, Peterson ED, Elliot MJ and Mavroudis CM.  Initial application in the STS congenital database of complexity-adjustment to evaluate surgical case mix and results.  Ann Thorac Surg 2005; 79: 1635-1649..
  110. Dominquez TE, Mitchell M, Freiss SH, Ravishankar C, Huh JW, Cullen J, Gaynor JW, Manno C, and Tabbutt S.  The use and recombinant factor V11a for refractory hemorrhage during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.  Ped Crit Care Med 2005; 6: 348-351.
  111. Kirshbom PM, Flynn TB, Clancy RR, Ittenbach RF, Hartman DM, Paridon SM, Wernovsky G, Spray TL and Gaynor JW.  Late neuro-developmental outcome following repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2005; 129: 1091-1097.
  112. Long CB, Shah SS, Lautenbach E, Coffin SE, Tabbutt S, Gaynor JW and Bell LM.   Postoperative mediastinitis in children:  epidemiology, microbiology, and risk factors for gram-negative pathogens. Ped Inf Dis J 2005; 24: 315-319.
  113. Zeltser I, Menteer JD, Gaynor JW,  Clark BJ, Kreutzer J, Rome JJ.  Impact of Re-coarctation
    following the Norwood operation on survival in the balloon angioplasty era.  J Am Coll Cardiol 2005; 45: 1844-1848.
  114. Hoehn SK, Wernovsky G, Rychik J, Tian ZY, Donaghue D, Alderfer MA, Gaynor JW, Kazak AE, Spray  TL, Nelson RM.  Assessment of parental stress and decision making in congenital heart diseases: prenatal versus postnatal diagnosis. Cardiol Young 2005; 15: 1844-1848.
  115. Pastuszko P, Rome JJ, Gleason MM, Bellah RD, Montenegro LM and Gaynor JW.  Hemoptysis following CardioSEAL device embolization of a venous collateral after the Fontan operation J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2005; 129: 1447-1448.
  116. Gusic RJ, Myung R. Petko M, Gaynor, JW and Gooch KJ. Shear stress and pressure modulation of saphenous vein remodeling ex-vivo. J Biomech 2005; 129:1447-1448.
  117. Nichol JW, Petko M, Myung RI, Gaynor JW, and Gooch KJ.  Hemodynamic conditions alter axial and   circumferential remodeling of arteries engineered ex vivo.  Ann Biomed Eng 2005; 33: 721-732.
  118. Shah SS, Lautenbach E, Long CB, Tabbutt S, Gaynor JW, Bilker WB, and Bell LM.  Staphylococcus aureus as a risk factor for bloodstream infection in children with post-operative mediastinitis.  Ped Inf Dis J 2005; 24: 834-837.
  119. Gusic RJ, Petko M, Myung R, Gaynor JW and Gooch KJ.   Mechanical properties of native and ex-vivo remodeled porcine saphenous veins.  Biomech 2005; 38: 1770-1779.
  120. Piel DA, Khan A, Waibel R, Birbach M, Cohen M, Spray TL, Deutchman CS, Gaynor JW,  and Levy RJ. Chronic hypoxemia increases myocardial cytochrome oxidase.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2005; 130: 1101-1106.
  121. Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Jarvik GP, Wernovsky G, Montenegro LM, Burnham NB, Hartman DM, Louie A, Spray TL, Clancy RR.  Increasing duration of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest is associated with an increased incidence of postoperative electroencephalographic seizures.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2005; 130: 1278-1286.
  122. Tabbutt S, Dominguez TE, Ravishankar C, Marino BS, Gruber PJ, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Spray TL. Outcomes following the Stage I reconstruction comparing right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit with the modified Blalock Taussig shunt.  Ann Thorac Surg 2005; 80: 1582-1591.
  123. Zeltser I, Gaynor JW, Petko M, Myung R, Birbach M, Waibel R, Ittenbach R, Tanel RE, Vetter VL, Rhodes LA.  The roles of chronic pressure and volume overload states in induction of arrhythmias: an animal model of physiologic sequelae following repair of tetralogy of Fallot.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2005; 130: 1542-1548.
  124. Schultz AH, Jarvik GP, Wernovsky G, Bernbaum J, Clancy RR, D’Agostino JD, Gerdes M, McDonald-McGinn D, Nicolson S, Spray TL, Zackai E and Gaynor JW.  Effect of congenital disease on neurodevelopmental outcomes within multiple gestation births.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2005; 130: 1511-1516.
  125. Mitchell, ME, Ittenbach RF, Gaynor JW, Wernovsky G, Nicolson S and Spray TL. Intermediate outcomes following the Fontan procedure in the current era.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2006; 131: 172-180.
  126. Jacobs JP, Maruszewski B, Lacour-Gayet FG, Jacobs ML, Clarke DR, Tchervenkov CI, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Stellin G, Elliott MJ, Ebels T, Tobota Z, Dokholyan RS, Peterson ED, Mavroudis C.  Current Status of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database.  Ann Thorac Surg 2005; 80: 2278-2284.
  127. Davidson A, Whiteman V, and Gaynor JW.   Images in Cardiovascular Medicine: Fetal Cardiac Diverticulum.  Circulation 2006; 113: e56.
  128. Seliem MA, Fedec A, Cohen MS, Ewing S, Farrell PE, Rychik J, Schultz AH, Gaynor JW, and Spray TL.  Real-time 3-dimentional echocardiographic imaging of congenital heart disease using matrix-array technology: freehand real-time scanning adds instant morphologic details not well delineated by conventional 2-dimensional imaging.  J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2006; 19: 121-129.
  129. Gaynor JW, Jarvik GP, Bernbaum J, Gerdes M, Wernovsky G, Burnham NB, D’Agostino JD, Zackai E, McDonald-McGinn DM, Nicolson SC, Spray TL and Clancy RR.  The relationship of postoperative electrographic seizures to neurodevelopmental outcome at one year of age following neonatal and infant cardiac surgery.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2006; 131:181-189.
  130. Tabbutt S, Ittenbach RF, Nicolson SC, Burnham N, Hittle S, Spray TL, Gaynor JW.  Intracardiac temperature monitoring in infants following heart surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2006; 131: 614-620.
  131. Kaltman JR, Jarvik GP, Bernbaum J, Wernovsky G, Gerdes M, Zackai E, Clancy RR, Nicholson SC, Spray TL, and Gaynor, J.W.  Neurodevelopmental outcome following early repair of ventricular septal defect with or without aortic arch obstruction.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2006; 131:792-798.
  132. Zuppa AF, Nicolson SC, Adamson PC, Wernovsky G, Mondick JT, Burnham N, Hoffman TM, Gaynor JW,  Davis LA, Greeley WJ, Spray TL and Barrett JS.  Population pharmacokinetics of milrinone in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome undergoing stage 1 reconstruction.  Anesth Analg 2006; 102:1062-1069.
  133. Kaltman J, Hanna, B., Gallagher, P, Gaynor, JW, Godinez, R., Tanel, R, Ahah, M, Vetter, V, and Rhodes, L. Heart rate variability following neonatal heart surgery for complex congenital heart disease.  PACE 2006; 29: 1-8.
  134. Gruber PJ, Fuller S, Cleaver KM, Abdullah I, Gruber SB, Nicolson SC, Gaynor JW, Wernovsky G, Spray TL.  Early results of single-stage biventricular repair of severe aortic hypoplasia or atresia with ventricular septal defect and an adequate left ventricle.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2006; 132: 260-263.
  135. Tchervenkov CI, Jacobs JP, Weinberg PM, Aiello VD, Beland MJ, Colan SD, Franklin RCG, Gaynor JW, Krogmann ON, Kurosawa H, Maruszewski B and Stellin G.  The nomenclature, definition and classification of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Cardiol Young 2006; 16: 339-368.
  136. Meyer D, Zamora G, Wernovsky G, Ittenbach RF, Gallagher PR, Tabbutt S, Gruber PJ, Nicolson SC, Gaynor JW and Spray TL.  Outcomes of the Fontan procedure utilizing cardiopulmonary bypass with aortic crossclamping.  Ann Thorac Surg 2006; 82: 1611-1620. 
  137. Ravishankar C, Dominguez T, Kreutzer J, Wernovsky G, Marino BS, Godinez R, Priestly MA, Gruber PJ, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Spray TL and Tabbutt S.  Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation after stage 1 reconstruction for hypoplastic left heart syndrome.  Ped Crit Care Med 2006; 7: 319-323.
  138. Cohen MS, Schultz AH, Tian ZY, Donaghue DD, Weinberg PM, Gaynor JW, and Rychik J.  Heterotaxy syndrome with functional single ventricle:  does prenatal diagnosis improve survival?  Ann Thorac Surg 2006; 82: 1629-1636.
  139. Mercer-Rosa L, Seliem MA, Fedec A, Rome J, Rychik J, and Gaynor JW.  Illustration of the additional value of real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography to conventional transthoracic and transesophageal 2-dimensional echocardiography in imaging muscular ventricular septal defects:  does this have any impact on individual patient treatment? Am Soc Echocardiogr 2006; 19: 1511-1519.
  140. Marino BS, Wernovsky G, McElhinney DB, Jawad A, Kreb DL, Mantel SF, van der Woerd WL, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Cohen MS.  Neo-aortic valvar function after the arterial switch.  Cardiol in the Young 2006; 16: 481-489.
  141. Tanel RE, Kirshbom PM, Paridon SM, Hartman DM, Burnham NB, McBride M, Ittenbach RI, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Long-term noninvasive arrhythmia assessment after total anomalous pulmonary venous connection repair.   Am Heart J 2007; 153: 267-274.
  142. Shah SS, Kagen J, Lautenbach E, Biiker WB, Matro J, Dominquez TE, Tabbutt S, and Gaynor JW. Bloodstream infections after median sternotomy at a children’s hospital.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2007; 133: 435-440.
  143. Gaynor JW, Wernovsky G, Jarvik GP, Bernbaum J, Gerdes M, Zackai E, Nord AS, Clancy RR, Nicolson SC, and Spray TL.  Patient characteristics are important determinants of neurodevelopmental outcome at one-year of age following neonatal and infant cardiac surgery.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2007; 133: 1344-1353.
  144. McBride MG, Kirshbom PM, Gaynor JW, Ittenbach RF, Wernovsky G, Clancy RR, Flynn TB, Hartman DM, Spray TL, Tanel RE, Santiago MC and Paridon SM.  Late cardiopulmonary and musculoskeletal exercise performance following repair for total anomalous pulmonary venous connection during infancy.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2007; 133: 1533--1539.
  145. Gillespie MJ, Marino BS, Cohen MS, Korteweg AE, Henket M, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Tabbutt S, and Wernovsky G.  Risk Factors for adverse outcomes after surgery on the systemic atrioventricular valve in 109 children. Cardiology in the Young 2006; 16: 35-42.
  146. Gillespie M, Kuijpers M, Van Rossem M, Ravishankar C, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Clark B.
    Determinants of intensive care unit length of stay for infants undergoing cardiac surgery.  Congenital Heart Disease 2006; 1: 152-60.
  147. Kagen J, Bilker WB, Lautenbach E, Bell LM, Coffin SE, St John KH, Teszner E, Dominquez T, Gaynor JW and Shah SS.  Risk adjustment for surgical site infection after median sternotomy in children. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 2007; 28: 398-405.
  148. Shillingford AJ, Ittenbach RF, Marino BS, Rychik J, Clancy RR, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, Wernovsky G.  Aortic morphometry and microcephaly in hypoplastic left heart syndrome.  Cardiology in the Young 2007; 17: 189-95.
  149. Kagen J, Lautenbach E, Bilker WB, Matro J, Bell LM, Dominquez TE, Gaynor JW and Shah SS. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 2007; 26: 613-618.
  150. Ballweg JA, Dominguez TE, Ravishankar C, Kreutzer J, Marino BS, Bird GL, Gruber PJ, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Spray TL and Tabbutt S.  A contemporary comparison of the effect of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the hemodynamics and outcome at stage 2 reconstruction.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surgery 2007; 134: 297-303.
  151. Brockman DJ, Holt DE, Gaynor, JW and Theman TE.  Long-term palliation of tetralogy of Fallot in dogs by use of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt.  Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 2007; 231: 721-6.
  152. Glatz JA, Tabbutt S, Gaynor JW, Rome JJ, Montenegro L, Spray TL and Rychik J.  Hypoplastic left heart syndrome with atrial level restriction in the era of prenatal diagnosis.  Ann Thorac Surg 2007; 84: 1633-38.
  153. O’Brien SM, Jacobs JP, Clarke DR, Maruszewski B, Jacobs ML, Walters HL, Tchervenkov CI, Welke KF, Tobota Z, Stellin G, Mavroudis C, Hamilton JRL, Gaynor JW, Pozzi M and Lacour-Gayet FG.  Accuracy of the Aristotle basic complexity score for classifying the mortality and morbidity potential of congenital heart surgery operations.  Ann Thorac Surg 2007; 84: 2027-37.
  154. Ballweg JA, Wernovsky G,  Ittenbach RF, Bernbaum J, Gerdes M, Gallagher PR, Dominquez TE, Zackai TE, Clancy RR, Nicolson S, Spray TL, Gaynor JW.  Hyperglycemia after infant cardiac surgery does not adversely impact neurodevelopmental outcome.  Ann Thorac Surg 2007; 84: 2052-8.
  155. Brothers JA, McBride MG, Seliem MA, Marino BS, Tomlinson RS, Pampaloni MH, Gaynor JW, Spray TL and Paridon SM.  Evaluation of myocardial ischemia after surgical repair of anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery in a series of pediatric patients.  J Am Coll Cardiol 2007; 50: 2078-82.
  156. Kaltman JR, Gillespie MJ, Seymour T, Khan A, Zeltzer IJ, Rhodes LA, Tanel RE, Vetter VL, Gaynor JW and Shah MJ.  Substrate characterization of ventricular tachycardia in a porcine model of tetralogy of Fallot using noncontact mapping. Pace-pacing and clinical electrophysiology 2007; 30: 1316-1322.
  157. Wernovsky G, Kuijpers M, Van Rossem MC, Ravishankar C, Dominguez T, Godinez T, Dodds KM, Ittenbach RF, Bird GL, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Tabbutt S.  Postoperative course in the cardiac intensive care unit following the first stage of Norwood reconstruction.  (Cardiol Young 2007; 652-665)
  158. Ferdman B, States L, Gaynor JW, Hedrick HL, and Rychik J.  Abnormalities of intestinal rotation in patients with congenital heart disease and the heterotaxy syndrome.  Congenital Heart Disease 2007; 2: 12-28. 
  159. Kaltman JR, Gaynor JW, Rhodes LA, Buck K, Shah MJ, Vetter VL, Madan N, and Tanel RE.  Subcutaneous array with active can implantable cardioverter defibrillator configuration: a follow up study.  Congenital Heart Disease 2007; 1: 125-129.
  160. Khan AR, Birbach M, Cohen MS, Ittenbach RF, Spray TL, Levy RJ, and Gaynor JW.  Chronic hypoxemia increases ventricular brain natriuretic peptide precursors in neonatal swine.  Ann Thorac Surg 2008; 85: 618-23.
  161. Tabbutt S, Nord AS, Jarvik GP, Bernbaum J, Wernovsky G, Gerdes M, Zackai E, Clancy RR, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Neurodevelopmental outcomes after staged palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome.  Pediatrics 2008; 121: 476-83.
  162. Dorfman AT, Marino BS, Wernovsky G, Tabbutt S, Ravishankar C, Godinez RI, Priestley M, Dodds KM, Rychik J, Gruber PJ, Gaynor JW, Levy RJ, Nicolson SC, Montenegro LM, Spray TL and Dominquez TE.  Critical heart disease in the neonate: presentation and outcome at a tertiary care center.  Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 2008; 9: 193-202.
  163. Zeltser I, Jarvik GP, Bernbaum J, Wernovsky G, Nord AS,  Gerdes M, Zackai E, Clancy R, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, and Gaynor, JW.  Genetic factors are important determinants of neurodevelopmental outcome after repair of tetralogy of Fallot.  J Thorac and Cardiovasc Surg 2008; 135: 91-97.
  164. Shillingford A, Glanzman MM, Ittenbach RF, Clancy RR, Gaynor, JW, and Wernovsky G. Inattention, hyperactivity, and school performance in a population of school age children with complex congenital heart disease.  Pediatrics 2008; 121: 759-67.
  165. Brothers JA, Stephens P, Gaynor JW, Lorber R, Vricella LA, and Paridon SM.  Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery with an interarterial course: should family screening be routine?  J Am Cardiol 2008; 51: 2062-2064. 
  166. Sivarajan VB, Chisant MR, Ittenbach RF, Clark BJ, Hanna BD, Paridon SM, Spray TL, Wernovsky G, and Gaynor, JW.   Prevalence and risk factors for tricuspid valve regurgitation after pediatric heart transplantation.  J Heart and Lung Transplantation 2008; 27: 494-500.
  167. Ohye RG, Gaynor JW, Ghanayem NS, Goldberg CS, Laussen PC, Frommelt PC, Newburger JW, et al.   Design and rationale of a randomized trial comparing the Blalock Taussig and right ventricle pulmonary artery shunts in the Norwood procedure.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2008; 136:968-975.
  168. Hehir DA, Dominguez TE, Ballweg JA, Ravishankar C, Marino BS, Bird GL, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Gaynor JW and Tabbutt S.  Risk factors for interstage death after stage 1 reconstruction of hypoplastic left heart syndrome and variants.  J Thorac and Cardiovasc Surg 2008; 136: 94-99.
  169. Marino BS, Shera D, Wernovsky G, Tomlinson RS, Aquirre A, Gallagher M, Lee A, Cho CJ, Stern W, Davis L, Tong E, Teitel D, Mussatto K, Ghanayem N, Gleason M, Gaynor JW, Wray J, Helfaer MA and Shea JA.  The development of the pediatric cardiac quality of life inventory: a quality of life measure for children and adolescents with heart disease. Quality of Life Research 2008; 17: 613-626.
  170. Glatz AC, Gaynor JW, Rhodes LA, Rychik J, Tanel RE, Vetter VL, Kaltman JR, Montenegro L, Shah MJ.  Outcome of high-risk neonates with congenital complete heart block paced in the first 24 hours after birth.  J Thorac and Cardiovasc Surg 2008; 136: 767-773.
  171. Brothers JA, McBride MG, Marino BS, Tomlinson RS, Seliem MA, Pampaloni MH, Gaynor JW, Spray TL and Paridon SM.  Exercise performance and quality of life following surgical repair of anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery in the pediatric population.  J Thorac and Cardiovasc Surg 2009; 137: 380-384.
  172. Marino BS, Kruge LE, Cho CJ, Tomlinson RS, Shera D, Weinberg PM, Gaynor JW and Rychik J.  Parachute mitral valve: morphologic descriptors, associated lesions, and outcomes after biventricular repair.  J Thorac and Cardiovasc Surg 2009; 137: 385-93.
  173. Schwalbe-Terilli CR, Hartman DH, Nagle ML, Gallagher PR, Ittenbach RF, Burnham NB, Gaynor JW  and Ravishankar C.  Enteral feeding and caloric intake in neonates after cardiac surgery.  Am J Crit Care 2009; 18: 52-57.
  174. Licht D, Shera DM, Clancy RR, Wernovsky G, Montenegro LM, Nicolson SC, Zimmerman RA, Spray TL, Gaynor JW and Vossough A.  Brain maturation is delayed in infants with complex congenital heart defects.  J Thorac and Cardiovasc Surg 2009; 137: 529-36.
  175. Petit CJ, Gillespie MJ, Harris MA, Seymour TL, Lui TY, Khan A, Gaynor JW and Rome JJ.  Relief of branch pulmonary artery stenosis reduces pulmonary valve insufficiency in a swine model.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2009; 138: 382-89.
  176. Samanta B, Bird GL, Kuijpers M, Zimmerman RA, Jarvik GP, Wernovsky G, Clancy RR, Licht DJ, Gaynor JW and Nataraj C.  Prediction of periventricular leukomalacia. Part 1: selection of hemodynamic features using logistic regression and decision tree algorithms.  Art Intell Med 2009; 46: 201-15.
  177. Samanta B, Bird GL, Kuijpers M, Zimmerman RA, Jarvik GP, Clancy RR, Licht DJ, Gaynor JW and Nataraj C.  Prediction of periventricular leukomalacia. Part 11: selection of hemodynamic features using computational intelligence.  Art Intell Med 2009; 46: 217-31.
  178. Nicol JW, Khan AR, Birbach M, Gaynor JW and Gooch KJ.  Hemodynamics and axial strain additively increase matrix remodeling and MMP-9, but not MMP-2, expression in arteries engineered by directed remodeling.  Tissue Engineering , Part A 2009; 15: 1281-1290.
  179. Chen J, Zimmerman RA, Jarvik GP, Nord AS, Clancy RR, Wernovsky G, Montenegro LM, Hartman DM, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Gaynor JW and Ichord R.  Perioperative stroke in infants undergoing open heart operations for congenital heart disease. Ann Thorac Surg 2009; 88:823-829.
  180. Gaynor JW, Nord AS, Wernovsky G, Bernbaum J, Solot CB, Burnham N, Zackai E, Heagerty PJ, Clancy RR, Nicolson SC, Jarvik GP and Gerdes M.  Apolipoprotein E genotype modifies the risk of behavior problems after infant cardiac surgery. Pediatrics 2009; 124: 241-250. 
  181. Hoehn KS, Nathan A, White LE, Ittenbach RF, Reynolds WW, Gaynor JW, Wernovsky G, Nicolson S, and Nelson RM.   Parental perception of time and decision-making in neonatal research.  J Perinatol 2009; 29: 508-511.
  182. Fuller S, Nord AS, Gerdes M, Wernovsky G, Jarvik GP, Bernbaum J, Zackai E, Gaynor JW.  Predictors of impaired neurodevelopmental outcomes at one year of age after infant cardiac surgery.  Eur J Cardio-Thorac Surg 2009; 36: 40-47.
  183. Raffini L, Schwed A, Zheng XL, Tanzer M, Nicolson S, Gaynor JW and Jobes D.  Thromboelastography of patients after Fontan compared with healthy children.  Ped Cardiol 2009;  30: 771-776.
  184. Brothers J, Gaynor JW, Paridon S, Lorber R, Jacobs M.  Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery with an interarterial course: understanding current management strategies in children and young adults. Ped Cardiol 2009; 30: 911-921.
  185. Ballweg JA, Ittenbach RF, Bernbaum J, Gerdes M, Dominquez TE, Zackai EH, Clancy RR, and Gaynor JW.  Hyperglycaemia after stage 1 palliation does not adversely affect neurodevelopmental outcome at 1 year of age in patients with single-ventricle physiology.  Eur J Cardio-Thorac Surg 2009; 36: 688-693. 
  186. Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML, Lacour-Gayat, FG, Jenkins, KJ, Gauvreau K, Bacha E, Maruszewski, B, Clarke DR, Tchervenkov CI, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Stellin G, O’Brien SM, Elliot MJ and Mavroudis C.  Stratification of complexity improves the utility and accuracy of outcomes analysis in a multi-institutional congenital heart surgery database: application of the risk adjustment in congenital heart surgery (RACHS-1), and Aristotle systems in the society of thoracic surgeons (STS) congenital heart surgery database.  Ped Cardiol 2009; 30: 1117-1130.
  187. Hall EK, Glatz J, Kaplan P, Kaplan BS, Hellinger J, Ernst L, Gaynor JW.  A case report of rapid progressive coarctation and severe middle aortic syndrome in an infant with Williams’s syndrome.  Congenit Heart Dis 2009;4: 373-377.
  188. O’Connor, MJ, Menteer  J, Chrisant MRK, Monos D, Levine S, Gaynor JW, Hanna BD, Paridon SM, Ravishankar C and Kauffman BD.  Ventricular assist device-associated anti-human leukocyte antigen antibody sensitization in pediatric patients bridged to heart transplantation.  J Heart Lung Trans 2010; 29: 109-116.
  189. Hanna BM, El-Hewala AA, Gruber PJ, Gaynor JW and Seliem MA. Predictive value of intraoperative diagnosis of residual ventricular septal defects by transesophageal echocardiography.  Ann Thorac Surg 2010; 89:1237-1238.
  190. Durduran T, Zhou C, Buckley ER, Kim MN, Yu G, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Durning SM, Mason SE, Montenegro LM, Nicolson SC, Zimmerman, RA, Putt ME, Wang J, Greenberg JH, Detre JH, Yodh AG, and Licht DJ. Optical management of cerebral hemodynamics and oxygen metabolism in neonates with congenital heart defects.   J Biomed Optics 2010; 15: 037004: 1-10.
  191. Nathan AT, Hoehn SK, Ittenbach RF, Gaynor JW, et al.  Assessment of parental decision-making in neonatal cardiac research: a pilot study. J Med Ethics 2010; 36: 106-110.
  192. Ohye RG, Sleeper LA, Mahony L, Newburger JW, Pearson GD, Lu M, Goldberg CS, Tabbutt S, Frommelt PC, Ghanayem  NS, Laussen PC, Rhodes JF, Lewis AB, Mital S, Ravishankar C, Williams IA, Dunbar-Masterson C, Atz AM, Colan S, Minich L, Pizarro C, Kanter KR, Jaggers J, Jacobs JP, Krawczeski CD, Pike N, McCrindle BW, Virzi L, and Gaynor JW.  Comparison of Shunt Types in the Norwood Procedure for Single-Ventricle Lesions N Engl J Med 2010; 362: 1980-82.
  193. Burnham N, Ittenbach RF, Stallings V, Gerdes M, Zackai E, Bernbaum J, Clancy RR, and Gaynor, JW.  Genetic factors are important determinants of impaired growth after cardiac surgery.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2010; 140: 144-149.
  194. Ades AM, Dominquez TE, Nicolson SC, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Wernovsky G, and ,Tabbutt S.  Morbidity and mortality after surgery for congenital cardiac disease in the infant born with low weight. Cardiol in the Young 2010; 20: 8-17.
  195. Kaltman JR, Andropoulos DB, Checchia PA, Gaynor JW, Hoffman TM, Laussen PC, Ohye RG, Pearson GD, Pigula F, Tweddell J, Wernovsky G, del Nido, P. Report of the pediatric heart network and national heart, lung and blood working group on the perioperative management of congenital heart disease.  Circulation, 2010; 121: 2766-2772. 
  196. Quartermain MD, Ittenbach RF, Flynn TB, Gaynor JW, Zhang XM, Licht DJ, Ichord RN, Nance ML, Wernovsky G. Neuropsychological status in children after repair of acyanotic congenital heart disease.  Pediatrics 2010; 126: E351-E359.
  197. Ballweg JA, Dominquez TE, Tabbutt S, Rome JJ, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Ravishankar C.  Reintervention for arch obstruction after stage 1 reconstruction does not adversely affect survival or outcome at Fontan completion.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2010; 140: 545-549.
  198. Ballweg JA,  Dominquez TE, Ravishankar  C, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Tabbutt S.  A contemporary comparison of the effect of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the hemodynamics and outcome at Fontan completion.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2010; 140: 537-544.
  199. Prasad PA, Dominquez TE, Zaoutis TE, Shah SS, Teszner E, Gaynor JW, Tabbutt S, and Coffin SE.  Risk factors for catheter-associated blood stream infections in the pediatric intensive care unit.  Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 2010; 29: 812-815.
  200. Goldfarb SB, Gaynor JW, Fuller S, Kreindler J, Montenegro LM, Flynn-Thompson F, and Visner G.  Induction therapy with antithymocyte globulin before reperfusion.  Ann Thorac Surg 2010; 90: 1110-1114.
  201. Rychik J, Szwast A, Natarajan S, Quartermain M, Donaghue DD, Combs J, Gaynor JW, Gruber PJ, Spray TL, Bebbington M,  and Johnson MP.  Perinatal and early surgical outcome for the fetus with hypoplastic left heart syndrome: a 5-year old single institutional experience. Ultrasound in obstetrics and gynecology 2010; 36: 465-470.
  202. Gaynor JW, Gerdes M, Nord AS, Bernbaum J, Zackai E, Wernovsky G, Clancy RR, Heagerty PJ, Solot CB, McDonald-McGinn D, and Jarvik G.  Is cardiac diagnosis a predictor of neurodevelopmental outcome after cardiac surgery in infancy?  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2010; 140: 1230-1237.
  203. Fuller S, Rajagopalan R, Jarvik GP, Gerdes M, Bernbaum J, Wernovsky G, Clancy RR, Solot C, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest does not impair neurodevelopmental outcome in school-age children.  Ann Thorac Surg 2010; 90: 1985-1995.
  204. Pasquali SK, Jacobs JP, Shock GJ, O’Brien SM, Hall M, Jacobs ML, Welke KF, Gaynor JW, Peterson ED, Shah SS, and Li JS.  Linking clinical registry data with administrative data using indirect identifiers: Implementation and validation in the congenital heart surgery population.  American Heart J 2010; 160: 1099-1104.
  205. Szwast Al, Marino BS, Rychik J, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Cohen MS.  Usefulness of left ventricular inflow index to predict successful biventricular repair in right-dominant unbalanced atrioventricular canal.  Am J Cardiol 2011; 107: 103-109.
  206. Clancy RR, Dicker L, Cho S, Cook N, Nicolson SC, Wernovsky G, Spray TL, and Gaynor  JW.  Agreement between long-term neonatal background classification by conventional and amplitude-integrated EEG.  J Clin Neurophysiology 2011; 28: 1-9.
  207. O’Connor MJ, Ravishankar C, Ballweg JA, Gillespie MJ, Gaynor JW, Tabbutt S, Dominguez TE. Early systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunt intervention in neonates with congenital heart disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011; 142: 106-112.
  208. Zelicourt DA, Haggerty CM, Sundareswaran KS, White BS, Rosina JR, Kanter KR, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Stavropoulos F, Fogel MA, and Yoganathan’s AP.  Individualized computer-based surgical planning to address pulmonary arteriovenous malformations in patients with a single ventricle with an interrupted inferior cava and azygous continuation.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011; 141:1170-7.
  209. Rogers LS, Peterson AL, Gaynor JW, Rome JJ, Weinberg PM, and Rychik J.  Mitral valve dysplasia syndrome: a unique form of left-sided heart disease.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011; 142: 1381-7.
  210. Pasquali SK, Li JS, He X, Jacobs ML, O’Brien SM, Hall M, Jaquiss RD, Welke KF, Peterson ED, Shah SS, Gaynor JW, Jacobs JP.  Perioperative methylprednisolone and outcome in neonates undergoing heart surgery.  Pediatrics 2012; 129: e385-391.
  211. Pasquali SK, Li JS, Burstein DS, Sheng S, O’Brien, Jacobs ML, Jaquiss RD, Peterson ED, Gaynor JW, Jacobs JP. Association of center volume with mortality and complications in pediatric heart surgery.  Pediatrics 2012; 129: e370-376.
  212. Goff DA, Luan X, Gerdes M, Bernbaum J, D’Agostino J, Rychik J, Wernovsky G, Licht D, Nicolson SC, Clancy RR, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Younger gestational age is associated with worse neurodevelopmental outcomes after cardiac surgery in infancy.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012; 143: 535-542. 
  213. Elia J, Glessner JT, Wang K, Takahashi N, Hadley D, Sleiman PM, Zhang H, Kim CE, Robison R, Lyon G, Gaynor JW, et al. Genome-wide copy number variation study associates metabotropic glutamate receptor gene networks with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.  Nature Genetics 2012; 44: 78-84.
  214. Newburger JW, Sleeper LA, Bellinger D, Goldberg CS, Tabbutt S, Lu M, Mussatto KA, Williams IA, Gustafson KE, Mital S, Pike N, Sood E, Mahle W, Cooper DS, Dunbar-Masterson C, Dent Krawczeski C, Lewis A, Menon SC, Pemberton VL, Ravishankar C, Atz TW, Ohye R, and Gaynor JW.  Early developmental outcome in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related anomalies: the single ventricle trial.  Circulation 2012; 125: 2081-2091.
  215. Pasquali SK, He X, Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML, O’Brien SM, and Gaynor JW.  Evaluation of failure to rescue as a quality metric in pediatric heart surgery: an analysis of the STS congenital heart surgery database.  Ann Thorac Surg 2012; 94: 573-580.
  216. Hirsch JC, Jacobs M, Andropoulos D, Austin E, Jacobs JP, Licht D, Pigula F, Tweddell J, and Gaynor JW. Protecting the infant brain during cardiac surgery: a systematic review for the Society of Thoracic Surgeons’ evidence based task force and congenital heart surgery workforce.  Ann Thorac Surg 2012; 94:1365-1373.
  217. Rogers LS, Glatz A, Ravishankar C, Spray TL, Nicolson SC, Rush CH, Gaynor JW, and Goldberg DJ.  18 years of the Fontan operation at a single institution: results from 771 consecutive patients. J Am Coll Cardiol 2012: 60: 1018-1025.
  218. Pasquali S, Ohye RG, Kaltman J, Calderone CA, Dunbar-Masterson C, Gaynor JW, Jacobs JP, Kaza AK, Newburger J, Rhodes JF, Scheurer M, Silver E, Sleeper LA, Tabbutt S, Tweddell J, Uzark K, Wells W, Mahle WT, Pearson GD and Pediatric Network Investigators. Variation in perioperative care for infants undergoing the Norwood procedure  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012; 144: 915-921.
  219. Padalino MA, Vida VKL, Boccuzzo G, Tonello M, Sarris GE, Berggren H, Comas JV, Di Donato RM, Ebels T, Hraska V, Jacobs J, Gaynor JW, Metras D, Pretre R, Pozzi M, Rubay J, Sairaen H, Schreiber C, Maruszewsky B, Basso C, and Stellin G.  Surgery for primary cardiac tumors in children: early and late results in a multi-center European congenital heart surgeons association (ECHSA) study.  Circulation 2012; 126: 22-30.
  220. Wu G, Jaimes C, Gaynor JW, and Markowitz RI.  Radiographic signs of open median sternotomy in neonates and infants.  Pediatr Radiol 2012; 42: 674-678.
  221. Patel AK, Farrell P, Harris M, Gaynor JW, and Gillespie MJ.  Acquired ventricular septal aneurysm in a patient with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum.  Cardiol Young 2012; 22: 227-229.
  222. Kim DS, Stenaway IB, Rajagopalan R, Bernbaum JC, Solot CB, Burnham N, Zackai EH, Clancy RR, Nicolson SC, Gerdes M, Nickerson D, Hakonarson H, and Gaynor JW.  Results of genome-wide analyses on neurodevelopmental phenotypes at four-year follow-up following cardiac surgery in infancy. PLoS ONE 2012: 7: e45936.
  223. Kaczorowski DJ, Sathanandam  S, Ravishankar C, Gillespie MJ, Montenegro LM, Gruber PJ, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, and Lin KL. Coronary ostioplasty for congenital atresia of the left main coronary artery ostium. Ann Thorac Surg 2012; 94: 1307-10.
  224. D’Alessandro LCA, Paridon S, and Gaynor JW.  Successful repair of aortic valve perforation in pediatric Libman Sacks endocarditis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012; 144: 151-153.
  225. Pasquali SK, Peterson ED, Jacobs JP, He X, Li JS, Jacobs ML, Gaynor JW, Hirsch JC, Shah SS, and Mayer JE.   Differential case ascertainment in clinical registry vs. administrative data and impact on outcomes assessment in pediatric heart surgery. Ann Thorac Surg 2013; 95:197-203.
  226. Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML,Maruszewski B, Lacour-Gayet FG, Tchervenkov CI, Tobota Z, Stellin G, Kurasawa H, Murakami A, Gaynor JW, Pasquali SK, Clarke DR, Austin EH, and Mavroudis C.  Initial application in the EACTS and STS congenital heart surgery databases of an empirically derived methodology of complexity adjustment to evaluate surgical case mix and results. Eur JoCardiothorac Surg 2012; 42: 775-779.
  227. Gaynor JW, Jarvik GP, Gerdes M, Kim DS, Rajagopalan R, Bernbaum J, Wernovsky G, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, and Clancy RR.  Postoperative electroencephalographic seizures are associated with deficits in executive function and social behaviors at 4 years of age following cardiac surgery in infancy. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2013; 146; 132-139.
  228. Di Maria MV, Glatz AC, Ravishankar C, Quartermain M, Rush CH, Nance M, Gaynor JW, and Goldberg DJ. Supplemental tube feeding does not mitigate weight loss in infants with shunt-dependent single ventricle physiology.  Ped Cardiol 2013;34: 350-1356. 
  229. Pasquali SK, Gaies MG, Jacobs JP, Gaynor JW, and Jacobs ML.  Centre variation in cost and outcomes for CHD.  Cardiol Young 2013; 22:796-799.
  230. Buckley EM, Lynch JM, Goff DA, Schwab PJ, Baker WB, Durduran T, Busch DR, Nicolson SC, Montenegro LM, Naim MY, Xiao R, Spray TL, Yodh AG, Gaynor JW, and Licht DJ.  Early postoperative changes in cerebral oxygen metabolism following neonatal cardiac surgery: effects of surgical duration. J Thorac  Cardiovasc Surg 2013; 145: 196.
  231. Ravishankar C,Zak V, Williams IA, Bellinger DC, Gaynor JW, Ghanayem NS, Krawczewski CD, Licht DJ, Mahony L, Newberger JW, Pemberton VL, Williams RV, Sananes R, Cook AL, Atz T, Khaikin S, and Hsu DT. Association of impaired linear growth and worse neurdevelopmental outcome in infants with single ventricle physiology: a report from the Pediatric Heart Network Infant Single Ventricle Trial. Pediatrics 2013; 162: 250.
  232. Piper BJ, Yasen AL, Tayler AE, Ruiz JR, Gaynor JW, Dayger CA, Gonzalez-Gross M, Kwon OD, Nilsson LG, Day INM, Raber J, and Miller K.  Non-replication of an association of apolipoprotein E2 with sinistrality. Laterality 2013; 18: 251-261.
  233. Mahle, WT, Lu MM, Ohye RG, Gaynor JW, Goldberg CS, Sleeper LA, Pemberton VL, Massatto KA, Williams IA, Sood E, Krawczeski CD, Lewis A, Mirarchi N, Scheurer M, Pasquali SK, Pinto N, Jacobs JP, McCrindle BW, and Newburger JW.  A predictive model for neuodevelopmental outcome after the Norwood procedure. Ped Cardiol 2013; 34:327-333.
  234. Buckley EM, Naim MY, Lynch JM, Goff DA, Schwab PJ, Diaz LK, Nicolson SC, Montenegro LM, Lavin NA, Durduran T, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, Putt ME, Yodh AG, Fogel MA, and Licht D. Sodium Bicarbonate causes dose dependent increases in cerebral blood flow in infants and children with single ventricle physiology.  Pediatric Research 2013; 73: 668-673.
  235. Wellen SL, Glatz AC, Gaynor JW, Montenegro LM, and Cohen MS.  Transesophageal echocardiography probe insertion failure in infants undergoing cardiac surgery.  Congenital Heart Disease 2013; 8: 240-245.
  236. Rossano JW, Woods RK, Berger S, Gaynor JW, Ghanayem N, Morales DLS, Ravishankar C, Mitchell ME, Shah TK, Mahr C, Tweddell JS, Adachi I, Zangwill S, Wearden PD, Icenogle TB, Jaquiss RD, and Rychik J. Mechanical support as failure intervention in patients with cavopulmonary shunts (MFICS): rationale and aims of a new registry of mechanical circulatory support in single ventricle patients.  Congenital Heart Disease 2013; 8: 182-186.
  237. Lefkowitz DS, Novosel RS, Mohamed Z, Scharko A, Lin KY, Shaddy RE, Paridon SM, Miller K, Kaufman BD, Gaynor JW, and Rossano J.  Psychiatric diagnoses and the use of psychiatric medications in pediatric ventricular assist device recipients Pediatric Transplantation 2013; 85: 62.
  238. Pasquali SK, He X, Jacobs ML, Hall M, Gaynor JW, Shah SS, Peterson ED, Hill KD, Li JS, and Jacobs  and JP.  Hospital Variation in postoperative infection and outcome after congenital heart surgery.  Ann Thorac Surg 2013; 96: 657-63. 
  239. Yi JJ, Tang SX, McDonald DM, Calkins ME, Whinna DA, Souders MC, Zackai EL, Goldmuntz E, Gaynor JW, Gur RC, Emanuel BS, Gur RE Contribution of congenital heart disease in neuropsychiatric outcome in school-age children with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Am J Med Genet Part B 2013; 9999: 1-11.
  240. Eckhauser AW, O’Byrne ML, Weinberg PM, Ravishankar C, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW. Hypoplastic left ventricle and scimitar syndrome.  Ann Thorac Surg 2013; 96:2232-4
  241. Atchley  KD, Pappas J, Kennedy A, Coffin SE, Gerber JS, Fuller SF, Spray TL, McCardle K, and Gaynor JW.  Use of administrative data for surgical site infection surveillance after congenital cardiac surgery results in inaccurate reporting of site infection rates.  Ann Thorac Surg 2014;97:651-8.
  242. Parnell AS, Shults J, Gaynor JW, Leonard MB, Dai D, and Feudtner C.  Accuracy of  all patient refined diagnosis related groups classification system in congenital heart surgery.  Ann Thorac Surg 2014; 97:641-50.
  243. Kirsch RE, Glatz AC, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Wernovsky G, Bird GL. Results of elective repair at 6 months or younger in 277 patients with Tetralogy of Fallot: a 14-year experience at a single center.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2014; 147:713-7.
  244. Pasquali SK, Jacobs ML, He X, Shah SS, Peterson ED, Hall M, Gaynor JW, Hill KD, Mayer JE, Jacobs JP, and Li JS.  Variation in congenital heart surgery costs across hospitals.   Pediatrics 2014; 133:e 553-e560.
  245. Gaynor JW, Ittenbach RF, Gerdes M, Bernbaum J, Clancy RR, McDonald-McGinn DM, Zackai EH, Wernovsky G, Nicolson SC, and Spray.  Neurodevelopmental outcomes in preschool survivors of the Fontan procedure.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2014; 147:1276-83.
  246. Goff DA, Shera DM, Tang S, Lavin NA, Durning SM, Nicolson SC, Montenegro LM, Rome JJ, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Vossough A, and Licht D.   Risk factors for preoperative periventricular leokomalacia in term neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome are patient related. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2014; 147: 1312-8.
  247. Rossano JW, Goldberg DJ, Fuller S, Ravishankar C, Montenegro LM, and Gaynor JW. Successful use of total artificial heart in the failing Fontan circulation. Ann Thorac Surg 2014; 97: 1438-40.
  248. Keeshan BC, Goldfarb SB, Lin KY, Kreindler JL, Kaufman BD, Gaynor JW, Shaddy RE, and Rossano JW.  Impact of congenital heart disease on outcomes of pediatric heart-lung transplantation.  Pediatr Transplantation 2014; 18: 204-210.
  249. Murphy MO, Glatz AC, Goldberg DJ, Rogers LS, Ravishankar  C, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Fuller S, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Management of early Fontan failure: a single-institution experience. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 2014; 1-7.
  250. Rossano JW, Lin KY, Paridon SM, Zhang  X, Gaynor, JW, Kaufman BD, Shaddy RE.   Pediatric heart transplantation from donors with depressed ventricular function. Cir Heart Fail 2013; 6:1223-1229.
  251. Wellen SL, Glatz AC, Gaynor JW, Montenegro LM, and Cohen MS.  Transesophageal echocardiography probe insertion failure in infants undergoing cardiac surgery. Congenit Heart Dis 2013; 8: 240-245.
  252. Newburger JW, Sleeper LA, Frommelt PC, Pearson GD, Mahle WT, Chen S, Dunbar-Masterson C, Mital S, Williams IA, Ghanayem NS, Goldberg CS, Jacobs J, Krawczeski CD, Lewis AB, Pasquali SK, Pizarro C, Gruber PJ, Atz AM, Khaikin S, Gaynor JW, and Ohye RG.  Transplantation-free survival and interventions at 3  years in the single ventricle reconstruction trial. Circulation 2014; 129:2013-2020.
    251.  Bakhshi H, Kushare I, Ortho D, Murphy MO, Gaynor JW, and Dormans JP.  Chest wall osteochondroma in children: a case series of surgical management. J Pediatr Orthop 2014; 00
  253. Jantzen DW, He X, Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML, Gaies MG, Hall M, Mayer JE, Shah SS, Hirsch-Romano J, Gaynor JW, Peterson ED, and Pasquali SK.  The impact of differential case ascertainment in clinical registry versus administrative data on assessment of resource utilization in pediatric heart surgery.  World J for Ped Congenit Heart Surg 2014; 5: 398-405.
  254. Kim DS, Kim JH, Burt AA, Crosslin DR, Burnham N, McDonald-McGinn DM, Zackai EH, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Stanaway IB, Nickerson DA, Russell MW, Hakonarson H, Gaynor JW, and Jarvik GP.  Patient genotypes impact survival  after surgery for isolated congenital heart disease. Ann Thorac Surg 2014; 98: 104-11.
  255. Bernier P, Hallbergson A, Schachtner SK, Rome JJ, and Gaynor JW. Aortopulmonary fistula after outflow tract stent in repaired truncus. Ann Thorac Surg 2014;98: e55-57.
  256. Wittlieb-Weber CA, Paridon SM, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Weber DR, and Brothers JA.  Medium-term outcome after anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery repair in a pediatric cohort.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2014; 147: 1580-6.
  257. Goldberg CS, Lu M, Sleeper LA, Mahle WT, Gaynor JW, Williams IA, Mussatto KA, Ohye RG, Graham EM, Frank DU, Jacobs JP, Krawczeski C, Lambert L, Lewis A, Pemberton VL, Sananes R, Sood E, Wechsler SB, Bellinger DC, and Newberger JW. Factors associated with neurodevelopment for children with single ventricle lesions. J Pediatr 2014 (In Press).
  258. Jacobs JP, O’Brien SM, Pasquali SK, Kim S, Gaynor JW, Tchervenkov CI, Karamlou T, Welke KF, Lacour-Gayet F, Mavroudis C, Mayer JE, Jonas RA, Edwards FH, Grover FL, Shahian DM, and Jacobs ML.  The importance of patient-specific preoperative factors: an analysis of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons congenital heart surgery database.  Ann Thorac Surg 2014 (In Press).
  259. Himebauch AS, Nicolson SC, Sisko M, Moorthy G, Fuller S, Gaynor JW, Zuppa AF, Fox E, and Kilbaugh T.  Skeletal muscle and plasma concentrations of cefazolin during cardiac surgery in infants.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2014 (In Press).
  260. Gaynor JW, Kim DS, Arrington CB, Atz AM, Bellinger DC, Burt AA, Ghanayem NS, Jacobs JP, Lee TM, Lewis AB, Mahle WT, Marino BS, Miller SG, Newburger JW, Pizarro C, Ravishankar C, Santani AB, Wilder NS, Jarvik GP, Mital S, and Russell MW.   Validation of association of the apolipoprotein E ε 2 allele with neurodevelopmental dysfunction after cardiac surgery in neonates and infants.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2014 (In Press)
Other Original Papers
  1. Gall SA Jr, Maier GW, Gaynor JW, Feneley MP, Rankin JS, and Glower DD.  Mechanism of delayed myocardial recovery after repetitive ischemic episodes.  Surg Forum 1991; 42:243-245.
  2. Kirshbom PM, Skaryak LA, DiBernardo LR, Kern FH, Greeley WJ, Gaynor JW, and Ungerleider RM.  Aorto-pulmonary collaterals decrease the rate of cerebral cooling and alter regional cerebral perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass.  Surg Forum 1994; 45:258-259.
  3. Skaryak LA, Kirshbom PM, DiBernardo LR, Kern FH, Greeley WJ, Ungerleider RM, and Gaynor JW.  Low flow bypass vs. circulatory arrest: Similar vulnerability to post-bypass neurologic injury.  Surg Forum 1994; 45:260-262.
  4. Darling EM, Shearer IR, Nanry K, Kern FH, Greeley WJ, Ungerleider RM, and Gaynor JW.  Modified ultrafiltration in pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass.  J Extra-Corpor Technol 1994; 26:205-209.
  5. Cheifetz IM, Meliones JN, Wilson BG, Gaynor JW, and Schulman SR.  Severe cardiorespiratory dysfunction following cold water submersion: The successful use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Respiratory Care 1996; 141:226-231.
  6. Kirshbom PM, Page SO, Jacobs MT, Tsui SSL, Bello E, Ungerleider RM, Schwinn DA, and Gaynor JW.  Circulatory arrest increases endothelin-1 production in the pulmonary artery and receptor expression in the lung.  Surg Forum 1996; 47:330-332.
  7. Davies MJ, Quarterman RL, Tsui SSL, Jacobs MT, Davis JW, Elliott MJ, Ungerleider RM, and Gaynor JW.  Comparison of three indexes of contractility in the neonatal left ventricle.  Cardiovascular Engineering 1997; 2:180-190. 
  8. Deptula J, Gaynor JW, Groneck J, Owens T, Rogers K, Griffin DA, and Spray TL.  Alleviating heat loss associated with modified ultrafiltration.  J Extra Corpor Technol 2002; 34(2): 88-91.
Letters, Editorials, Invited Commentary, and Reviews
  1. Ungerleider RM, Gaynor JW, Israel P, Kanter RJ, and Armstrong BE.  Report of neoaortic valve replacement in a ten-year-old girl after an arterial switch procedure for transposition.  Letters to the Editor.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1992; 104:213-215.
  2. Gaynor JW and Elliott MJ.  Congenital left ventricular outflow tract obstruction.  J Heart Valve Dis 1993; 2:80-93.
  3. Gaynor JW and Spray TL.  Cardiac transplantation in neonates and infants.  Cardiology in Review 1998; 6:37-44.  
  4. Gaynor JW.  Use of modified ultrafiltration after repair of congenital heart defects.  Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual of the Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 1998; 1:81-90.
  5. Gaynor JW, Bridges ND, Clark BJ, and Spray TL.  Update on lung transplantation in children.  Current Opinion in Pediatrics 1998; 10:256-261.
  6. Gaynor JW.  Commentary on Bando K, Turrentine MW, Vijay P, Sharp TG, Sekine Y, Lalone BJ, Szekely L, Brown JW.  Effect of modified ultrafiltration in high-risk patients undergoing operations for congenital heart disease.  Ann Thorac Surg 1998; 66:821-828.
  7. DiRusso GB and Gaynor JW.  Ebstein’s anomaly: Indications for repair and surgical technique.  Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual of the Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 1999; 2:35-50.
  8. Gaynor JW.  Commentary on Huddleston CB, Exil V, Canter CE, Mendeloff EN.  Scimitar syndrome presenting in infancy.  Ann Thorac Surg 1999; 67:160.
  9. Gaynor JW.  Commentary on Hennein HA, Kiziltepe U, Barst S, Bocchieri KA, Hossain A, Call DR, Remick DG, Gold JP.  Venovenous modified ultrafiltration after cardiopulmonary bypass in children:  A prospective randomized study.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1999; 117:504-505.
  10. Jacobs JP, Quintessenza JA, Gaynor JW, Burke RP, and Mavroudis C.  Congenital heart surgery nomenclature and database project: Aortopulmonary window.  Ann Thorac Surg 2000; 69:S44-S49.
  11. Gaynor JW, Weinberg P, and Spray TL.  Congenital heart surgery nomenclature and database project: Systemic venous anomalies.  Ann Thorac Surg 2000; 69:S70-S76.
  12. Gaynor JW, Bridges ND, and Spray TL.  Congenital heart surgery nomenclature and database project: End stage lung disease.  Ann Thorac Surg 2000; 69:S343-S357.
  13. Gaynor JW.  Commentary on Kiziltepe U, Uysalel A, Corapcioglu T, Dalva K, Akan H, Akalin H.  Effects of combined conventional and modified ultrafiltration in adult patients.  Ann Thorac Surg 2001; 71:693.
  14. Gaynor, JW.  Commentary on Ojito JW, Hannan RL, Miyaji K, White JA, McConaghey TW, Jacobs JP, Burke RP.  Assisted venous drainage in cardiopulmonary bypass: Safety and efficacy in congenital heart surgery.  Ann Thorac Surg 2001; 71:1271-1272.
  15. Gaynor JW.  Use of ultrafiltration during and after cardiopulmonary bypass in children.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2001; 122:209-211.
  16. Gaynor, JW.  Commentary on Thompson LD, McElhinney DB, Findlay P, Miller-Hance W, Chen MJ, Minami M, Petrossian E, Parry AJ, Reddy VM, Hanley FL.  A prospective randomized study comparing volume-standardized modified and conventional ultrafiltration in pediatric open-heart surgery.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2001; 122:226-227.
  17. Gaynor JW, O’Brien JE, Rychik J, Sanchez GR, DeCampli WM, and Spray TL.  Reply to Prêtre and Turina.  Detachment of the tricuspid valve to close ventricular septal defects.  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2001; 20:429.
  18. Gaynor JW.  Management strategies for infants with coarctation and an associated ventricular septal defect.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2001; 122:424-426.
  19. Maruszewski B, Lacour-Gayet F, Elliott MJ, Gaynor JW, Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML, Tchervenkov CI, Kurosawa H, and Mavroudis C.  Congenital heart surgery nomenclature and database project: Update and proposed data harvest.  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2002; 21:47-49.
  20. Gaynor JW, Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML, Elliott MJ, Lacour-Gayet F, Tchervenkov CI, Maruszewski B, and Mavroudis C.  Congenital heart surgery nomenclature and database project: Update and proposed data harvest.  Ann Thorac Surg 2002; 73:1016-1018.
  21. Kurosawa H, Gaynor JW, Jacobs ML, Elliot MJ, Lacour-Gayet F, Tchervenkov CI, Maruszewski B, Mavroudis C.  Congenital heart surgery nomenclature and database project.  Update and proposed data harvest. Jpn J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2002; 50:498-501.
  22. Gaynor JW.  Management strategies for infants with coarctation and an associated ventricular septal defect.  J     Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2003; 125:SS87-9.
  23. Gaynor JW.  Use of ultrafiltration during and after cardiopulmonary bypass in children.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2003; 125:S98-100.
  24. Gaynor JW.  The effect of modified ultrafiltration on the postoperative course in patients with congenital heart disease.  Sem Thorac Cardiovasc Surg - Ped Card Surg Ann 2003; 6:128-139.
  25. Gaynor, JW.  Periventricular Leukomalacia following neonatal and infant cardiac surgery.  Sem Thorac Cardiovasc Surg – Ped Card Surg Ann 2004; 7: 133-140.
  26. Lacour-Gayet F, Clarke D, Jacobs J, Gaynor JW, Hamilton L, Jacobs M, Maruszewski B, Pozzi M, Spray TL, Tchervenkov C, Mavroudis C, and the Aristotle Committee.  The Aristotle score for congenital heart surgery. Sem Thorac Cardiovasc Surg – Ped Card Surg Ann 2004; 7: 185-191.
  27. Ebels T, Gaynor JW, Long-term survival after repair of atrioventricular septal defect.  Cardiol Young 2004; 14: 3-5.
  28. Beland MJ, Franklin RCG, Jacobs JP, Tchervenkov CI, Aiello VD, Colan SD, Gaynor JW, Krogmann ON, Kurosawa H, Maruszewski B, Stellin G and Weinberg PM. Update from the international working group for mapping and coding of nomenclatures for paediatric and congenital heart disease.  Cardiol Young; 14: 225-229.
  29. Ungerleider RM, Gaynor JW.   The Boston Circulatory Arrest Study:  An analysis.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2004; 127: 1256-1261.
  30. Gaynor JW.  Tetralogy of Fallot –Introduction Cardiol Young 2005; 15 (Supp 1): 37.
  31. Gaynor, JW.  Severe pulmonary insufficiency should be conservatively treated.  Cardiol Young 2005; 20: 94-99.
  32. Lacour-Gayet F, Jacobs JP, Clarke DR, Gaynor JW, Jacobs ML, Anderson RH, Elliott MJ, Maruszewski B, Vouhe P, Mavroudis C.  Letter to the Editor: Congenital Heart Surgery Performance.  Shall we wait a generation or look for different statistics? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2005; 134: 234-235.
  33. Wernovsky G, Shillingford AJ and Gaynor JW.  Central nervous system outcomes in children with complex congenital heart disease.  Curr Opin Cardiol 2005; 20:94-99.
  34. Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML, Franklin RCG, Colan SD, Tchervenkov CI, Maraszewski B, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Stellin G, Aiello VD, Beland MJ, Krogmann ON, Kurosawa H, Weinberg PM, Elliot MJ, Mavroudis C and Anderson R. Classification of the functionally univentricular heart: unity from mapped codes:  Cardiol Young 2006; 16(suppl): 9-21.
  35. Ravishankar C and Gaynor JW.  Mechanical support of the single ventricle.  Cardiol Young 2006; 16 (suppl): 55-60. 
  36. Gaynor JW, Wernovsky G, Clancy RR.   Commentary on Hovels-Gurich, et al; Long-term neurodevelopmental outcome and exercise capacity after corrective surgery for tetralogy of Fallot and ventricular septal defect in infancy.  Ann Thorac Surg 2006; 81:967.
  37. Gaynor, JW.  Management of sinus venosus defects.  Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual 2006: 35-39.
  38. Jacobs JP, Franklin RCG, Wilkinson JL, Cochrane AD, Karl TL, Aiello VD, Beland MJ, Colan SD, Elliot MJ, Gaynor JW, Krogmann ON, Kurosawa H, Maruszewski B, Stellin G, Tchervenkov CI, and Weinberg PM.  Classification of the functionally univentricular heart:  unity from mapped codes.  Cardiol Young 2006; 16: 9-21.
  39. Jacobs JP, Franklin RCG, Wilkinson JL, Cochrane AD, Karl TR, Aiello VD, Beland MJ, Colan SD, Elliot MJ, Gaynor JW, Krogmann ON, Kurosawa H, Maruszewski B, Stellin G, Tchervenkov CI, and Weinberg PM.  The nomenclature, definition and classification of discordant atrioventricular connections.  Cardiol Young 2006; 16: 72-84.
  40. Gaynor JW, Wernovsky G, and Clancy RR.  Electrographic seizures after neonatal and infant cardiac surgery- reply to Letter to the Editor. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 132: 441-442.
  41. Ballweg JA, Wernovsky G, and Gaynor JW.  Neurodevelopmental outcomes following congenital heart surgery.   Ped Cardiol (Accepted for Publication).
  42. Dominguez TE, Wernovsky G, and Gaynor JW.  Cause and prevention of central nervous system injury in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery.  Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 2007; 19: 269-277.
  43. Jacobs JP, Anderson RH, Weinberg PM, Walters HL, Tchervenkov CI, Del Duca D, Franklin RC, Aiello VD, Beland MJ, Colan SD, and Gaynor JW.   The nomenclature, definition, and classification of cardiac structures in the setting of heterotaxy.  Cardiol Young 2007; 17 suppl 2: 1-28.
  44. Wernovsky G, Ghanayem N, Ohye RG, Bacha EA, Jacobs JP, Gaynor JW, and  Tabbutt S.  Hypoplastic left heart syndrome: consensus and controversies in 2007.   Cardiol Young 2007; 17 suppl 2:  75-86.
  45. Cooper DS, Jacobs JP, Moore L, Stock A, Gaynor JW, Chancy T, Parpard M, Griffin DA, Owens T, Checcia PA, Thiagarrgan RR, Spray TL, and Ravishankar C.   Cardiac extracorporeal life support: state of the art in 2007.  Cardiol Young 2007; 17 suppl 2: 104-15.
  46. Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML, Mavroudis C, Backer CL, Lacour-Gayet FG, Tchervenkov CI, Franklin RCG, Beland MJ, Jenkins KJ, Walters H, Bacha EA, Maruszewski B, Kurosawa H, Clarke DR, Gaynor JW, et al.  Nomenclature and databases for the surgical treatment of congenital cardiac disease-an updated primer and an analysis of opportunities for improvement.  Cardiol Young 2008; 18: 38-62.
  47. Brothers JA, Gaynor JW, Jacobs JP, Caldarone C, Jegatheeswaran A, and Jacobs ML.  The registry of anomalous aortic origin of the coronary artery of The Congenital Heart Surgeons’ Society. Cardiol Young 2010; 20: 50-58.
  48. Bergerson  L, Everett AD, Giroud JM, Martin GR, Franklin RCG, Beland MJ, Krogmann ON, Aiello VD, Colan SD, Elliot MJ, Gaynor JW, Kurosawa H, Maruszewski B, Stellin G, Tchervenkov CI, Walters HL, Weinberg P, and Jacobs JP.  Report from the international society for nomenclature of paediatric and congenital heart disease: cardiovascular catheterization for congenital and paediatric cardiac disease. Cardiol Young 2011; 21:252-259.
  49. Bergerson L, Giroud JM, Jacobs JP, Franklin RCG, Beland MJ, Krogmann ON, Aiello VD, Colan SD, Elliot MJ, Gaynor JW, Kurosawa H, Maruszewski B, Stellin G, Tchervenkov CI, Walters HL, Weinberg P, Everett AD.  Report from The International Society for Nomenclature of Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: cardiovascular catheterization for paediatric cardiac disease (part-2)-nomenclature of complications associated with interventional cardiology).  Cardio Young 2011; 21: 260-265.
  50. Gaynor JW.  Historical perspectives of The American Association for Thoracic Surgery: Julian Johnson (1906-1987). J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011; 142: 493-95.
  51. Feinstein JA, Benson WD, Dubin AM, Cohen MS, Maxey DM, Mahle WT, Pahl E, Villafane J, Peng AB, Johnson LF, Marsden B, Daniels AL, Curt JR, Calderone CA, Mussatoo KA, Morales DL, Ivy DD, Gaynor JW, Tweddell JA, Deal BJ, Furck AK, Rosenthal GL, Ohye RG, Ghanayem NS, Cheatham JP, Tworetzky W, and Martin GR.  Hypoplastic left heart syndrome: current considerations and expectations.  J Amer Col Cardiol 2012; 59: s1-42.
  52. Ravishankar UA, Gaynor JW, Baer LD, Clark JB, Wernovsky G, and Myers JL. Outcomes of the seventh international conference on perfusion and second annual meeting of the international society for pediatric mechanical cardiopulmonary support.  Artificial Organs 2011; 35:  975-982.
  53. Gaynor JW, Jobes DR, and Sesok-Pizzini D. Longer blood storage is associated with supoptimal outcomes in high risk pediatric cardiac surgery. Commentary on Manlhiot et al. Ann Thorac Surg 2012; 93: 1563-1570.
  54. Mahle WT, Sable CA, Matherne PG, Gaynor JW, and Gewitz MH.  Key concepts in the evaluation of screening approaches for heart disease in children and adolescents: a science advisory from the American Heart Association.   Circulation 2012; 125: 2796-2801.
  55. Turek JW, and Gaynor JW.   Historical perspectives of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery: Robert Edward Gross (1905-1988).   J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012; 143:1003-1006.
  56. Marino BS, Lipkin PH, Newburger JW, Peacock G, Gerdes M, Gaynor JW, Mussatto KA, Uzark K, Goldberg CS, Johnson WH, Li J, Smith SE, Bellinger DC, and Mahle WT.  Neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with congenital heart disease: evaluation and management. Circulation 2012; 126: 1143-1172.
  57. Tabbutt S, Gaynor JW, and Newburger JW.  Neurodevelopmental outcomes after congenital heart surgery and strategies for improvement. Curr Opin Cardiol 2012; 27: 82-91.
  58. Mascio C, and Gaynor JW.  Historical Perspectives of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery: Edward M. Kent (1908-1970). J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012; 144: 527-529.
  59. Cranston LM, and Gaynor JW.  Historical perspectives of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery: John C. Jones (1903-1976). J Thorac and Cardiovasc Surg 2013; 145: 1170-72.
  60. Marino BS, Lipkin PH, Newburger JW, Peacock G, Gerdes M, Gaynor JW, Mussatto KA, Uzark K, Goldberg CS, Johnson WH Jr, Li J, Smith SE, Bellinger DC, and Mahle WT.  Neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with congenital heart disease: evaluation and management: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2012; 126: 1143-72.
  61. Heinle JS and Gaynor JW. Historical perspectives of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery: John Anton Waldhausen (1929-2012). J Thorac and Cardiovasc Surg 2014; 148: 381-386.
Non-Print Educational Materials
  1. Gaynor, JW.  Modified ultrafiltration after pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass in: Pediatric and adult congenital self-assessment program.  Collins-Nakai, RL (ed.).  American College of Cardiology CD-ROM, 1998.
Abstracts
  1. Feneley MP, Gaynor JW, Maier GW, Orchard RC, Gall SA Jr. and Rankin JS.  An ellipsoidal shell subtraction model for determining right ventricular volume.  J Am Coll Cardiol 1987; 9:214A.
  2. Feneley MP, Maier GW, Gaynor JW, Gall SA Jr, Orchard RC, and Rankin JS.  Effects of ventricular interaction on the relationship between free wall dimensions and volume of the right ventricle.  J Am Coll Cardiol 1987; 9:39A.
  3. Feneley MP, Maier GW, Gaynor JW, Gall SA Jr, Kisslo JA, and Rankin JS.  Analysis of mitral valve motion and transmitral flow in dogs during manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation.  J Am Coll Cardiol 1987; 9:200A.
  4. Kern KB, Maier GW, Gaynor JW, Feneley MP, Gall SA Jr, Sanders AB, Rankin JS, and Ewy GA.  High impulse cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves 24-hour survival in a canine cardiac arrest model.  J Am Coll Cardiol 1987; 9:86A.
  5. Feneley MP, Maier GW, Gaynor JW, Gall SA Jr. and Rankin JS.  Non-elastic model of the hemodynamic determinants of myocardial oxygen consumption: Comparison with elastance-derived pressure volume area in conscious dogs.  Automedica 1987; 9:37.
  6. Feneley MP, Gaynor JW, Glower DD, Burkhoff D, and Rankin JS.  Comparison of the relationship between left ventricular preload recruitable stroke work and systolic elastance during increased afterload in isolated canine hearts and in conscious dogs.  Automedica 1987; 9:240.
  7. Gaynor JW, Feneley MP, Maier GW, Gall SA Jr. and Rankin JS.  Left ventricular adaptation to chronic aortic regurgitation in conscious dogs.  Circulation 1987; 76 (Suppl IV): IV-888.
  8. Feneley MP, Gaynor JW, Maier GW, Gall SA Jr, Rankin JS, and Kisslo JA.  Echocardiographic measurement of left ventricular wall volume in volume overload.  Circulation 1987; 76 (Suppl IV): IV-96.
  9. Feneley MP, Maier GW, Gaynor JW, Gall SA Jr. and Rankin JS.  Comparison of elastic and non-elastic predictive models of myocardial oxygen consumption in conscious dogs.  Circulation 1987; 76 (Suppl IV): IV-543.
  10. Feneley MP, Maier GW, Gaynor JW, and Gall SA Jr.  Afterload insensitivity of preload recruitable stroke work reflects variable systolic elastance.  Circulation 1987; 76 (Suppl IV): IV-2150.
  11. Kern KB, Maier GW, Gaynor JW, Feneley MP, Sanders AB, Faessler KL, Rankin JS, and Ewy GA.  Improved 24-hour survival using high impulse cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a canine model of cardiac arrest.  Clin Res 1987; 35:108A.
  12. Gaynor JW, Feneley MP, Maier GW, Gall SA Jr, Kisslo JA, and Rankin JS.  Time course of left ventricular hypertrophy and wall stress in aortic regurgitation.  J Am Coll Cardiol 1988; 11:92A.
  13. Gall SA Jr., Maier GW, Gaynor JW, Feneley MP, and Rankin JS.  Repetitive ischemia delays recovery of regional myocardial function in awake dogs.  J Am Coll Cardiol 1988; 11:94A.
  14. Gaynor JW, Savitt MA, Feneley MP, Maier GW, Gall SA Jr, Davis JW, Smith LR, and Rankin JS.  Effects of volume overload on ventricular diastolic mechanics in conscious dogs.  Circulation 1988; 78 (Suppl II): II-67.
  15. Maier GW, Owen CH, Feneley MP, Muhlbaier LH, Elbeery JR, Savitt MA, Gaynor JW, and Rankin JS.  The mechanical determinants of myocardial oxygen consumption in the conscious dog.  Circulation 1988; 78 (Suppl II): II-67.
  16. Gaynor JW, Burch M, Dollery C, Sullivan I, Deanfield J, and Elliott M.  Repair of anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the superior caval vein by an atrial wall baffle with reimplantation of the superior caval vein.  Cardiol Young 1993; 3 (Suppl I): I-141.
  17. Kern FH, Ungerleider RM, Gaynor JW, Schulman S, Meliones JN, Baldwin B, Faghih F, Reves JG, and Greeley WJ.  Cerebral perfusion abnormalities are present during active CPB cooling in neonates and infants.  Anesthesiology 1994; 81 (Suppl A): 1394.
  18. Chai PJ, Skaryak LA, Meliones JN, Kern FH, Hansell D, Wilson BG, Gaynor JW, Greeley WJ, and Ungerleider RM.  Increased PEEP compromises cardiac output and myocardial blood flow during veno-venous ECMO.  Pediatr Res 1994; 35(4): 49A.
  19. DiMaio JM, Isenberg A, Van Trigt P, Gaynor JW, Davis RD, Coveney E, Clary B, and Lyerly HK.  Generation of tumor specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes for the treatment of post-transplant lymphoma.  Circulation 1994; 90 (Suppl I): I-638.
  20. Kirshbom PM, Skaryak LA, DiBernardo LR, Kern FH, Greeley WJ, Gaynor JW, and Ungerleider RM.  Aorto-pulmonary collaterals may increase cerebral injury following circulatory arrest.  Circulation 1994; 90 (Suppl I): I-253.
  21. Skaryak LA, Kirshbom PM, DiBernardo LR, Kern FH, Greeley WJ, Ungerleider RM, and Gaynor JW.  Modified ultrafiltration decreases cerebral injury following low flow bypass.  Circulation 1994; 90 (Suppl I): I-253.
  22. Gaynor JW, Tulloh RMR, Owen CH, Sullivan ID, and Elliott MJ.  Modified ultrafiltration reduces myocardial edema and reverses hemodilution following cardiopulmonary bypass in children.  J Am Coll Cardiol 1995; 25:200A.
  23. Kirshbom PM, Tsui SSL, DiBernardo LR, Meliones JN, Schwinn DA, and Gaynor JW.  Pulmonary vascular endothelium is capable of producing nitric oxide after cardiopulmonary bypass and circulatory arrest.  J Am Coll Cardiol 1995; 25:200A.
  24. Meliones JN, Gaynor JW, Wilson BG, Kern FH, Schulman SR, Shearer IR, Greeley WJ, and Ungerleider RM.  Modified ultrafiltration reduces airway pressures and improves lung compliance after congenital heart surgery.  J Am Coll Cardiol 1995; 25:271A.
  25. Markert ML, Ward FE, Kostyu D, Buckley RH, Schiff SE, Bleesing JJH, Broome CB, Ungerleider RM, Gaynor JW, Mahaffey SM, Oldham KT, Watson TJ, McLaughlin TM, and Haynes BF.  Development of T cell function after post-natal thymic transplantation for DiGeorge syndrome.  J Allergy Clin Immunol 1995; 95:142.
  26. Markert ML, Ward FE, Kostyu D, Buckley RH, Schiff SE, Bleesing JJH, Broome CB, Ungerleider RM, Gaynor JW, Mahaffey SM, Oldham KT, Watson TJ, McLaughlin TM, and Haynes BF.  Development of T cell function after post-natal thymic transplantation for DiGeorge syndrome.  FASEB 1995; 9:A780.
  27. Davies MJ, Quarterman RL, Tsui SSL, Ungerleider RM, and Gaynor JW.  Preload dependence of the end-systolic wall stress-velocity of fiber shortening relation in the neonatal left ventricle.  J Am Coll Cardiol 1996; 27:343A.
  28. Quarterman RL, Davies MJ, Tsui SSL, DiBernardo LR, Kirshbom PM, Ungerleider RM, and Gaynor JW.  Administration of intravenous triiodothyronine has a positive inotropic effect on the neonatal left ventricle.  J Am Coll Cardiol 1996; 27:343A.
  29. Rychik J, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, and Wernovsky G.  Doppler echocardiographic estimate of pulmonary-to-systemic flow ratio after Norwood operation.  Circulation 1996; 94 (Suppl I): I-297.
  30. Cohen MI, Vaughn J, Vetter VL, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Houser SR.  Endothelin-1 increases the transient outward potassium current in human atrial myocytes by a protein kinase C Pathway.  PACE 1997; 20:1050.Cohen MI, Wernovsky G, Vetter VL, Wieand, TS, Jacobs ML, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Rhodes LA.  Sinus node function deteriorates with time after a staged Fontan.  Circulation 1997; 96 (Suppl I): I-301.
  31. Palmer SM, Miralles AP, Gaynor JW, Lawrence CM, Tapson VF, and Davis RD.  Rabbit antithymocyte induction therapy decreases acute rejection after lung transplantation without increasing opportunistic infections: Results of a randomized prospective study.  J Heart Lung Transplant 1998; 17:76.
  32. Ramesh V, Gaynor JW, Shah M, Wieand S, Spray TL, Vetter VL, and Rhodes LA.  Left atrial pacing: A comparison to the standard right atrial epicardial and transvenous atrial pacing in pediatric patients with complex congenital heart disease.  PACE 1998; 21:844.
  33. Lee HR, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Wernovsky G, and Rychik J.  Surgical management of aortic insufficiency associated with ventricular septal defect.  Circulation 1998; 98 (Suppl I): I-688.
  34. Weinstein S, Gaynor JW, Wernovsky G, Montenegro LM, and Spray TL.  Survival of low birth weight infants undergoing stage 1 palliation.  Circulation 1998; 98 (Suppl I): I-62.
  35. Saitta SC, Celle L, Gaynor JW, Cohen AR, Clark BJ, McBride SC, and Zackai EH.  Factor XI deficiency: Management of patients with 4q35 deletions.  Am J Hum Genet 1998; 63:A118.
  36. Hoffman TM, Wernovsky G, Wieand TS, Cohen MI, Vetter VL, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Godinez RI, and Rhodes LA.  Incidence and treatment of arrhythmias in a pediatric cardiac intensive care unit.  Crit Care Med 1999; 27:A147.
  37. Hoffman TM, Wernovsky G, Wieand TS, Cohen MI, Vetter VL, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Rhodes LA.  Predictors of arrhythmias in a pediatric cardiac intensive care unit.  J Am Coll Cardiol 1999; 33:539A.
  38. Yang SG, Novello R, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Rychik J.  Evaluation of ventricular septal defect repair using intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography: Frequency and significance of residual defects in infants and children.  J Am Soc Echocardiogr 1999; 12:414.
  39. Jones PL, Morabito L, Baldwin HS, Raff GW, Vitivisky EV, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Regulation of extracellular matrix protein expression by increased pulmonary blood flow: A potential role for Egr-1 in the transcriptional control of tenascin-C.  Circulation 1999; 100 (Suppl I): I-752.
  40. Kurth CD, Steven JM, Nicolson SC, Montenegro L, Watzman M, Gaynor JW, and Spray TL.  Pre-operative cerebral oxygenation in infants with congenital heart disease.  Circulation 1999; 100 (Suppl I): I-398.
  41. Mahle WT, Spray TL, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW, and Clark BJ.  Survival after palliative surgery for hypoplastic left heart syndrome: 15-year experience from a single institution.  Circulation 1999; 100 (Suppl I): I-670.
  42. Yang SG, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, Clark BJ, and Rychik J.  Rate of spontaneous closure of fenestration in the modified Fontan operation.  Circulation 1999; 100 (Suppl I): I-399.
  43. Coon PD, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Rychik J.  Thrombus formation after Fontan procedure.  Circulation 1999; 100 (Suppl I): I-671.
  44. Harty MP, Kramer SS, and Gaynor JW.  The radiological consequences of incidental thymectomy.  Radiology 1999; 213:462.
  45. Mahle WT, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, and Clark BJ.  Incidence of unexpected death after palliative surgery for hypoplastic left heart syndrome.  J Am Coll Cardiol 2000; 35:504A.
  46. Bridges ND, Mahle W, Gaynor JW, and Spray TL.  Transplantation as "last or only" therapy for hypoplastic left heart syndrome and its variants.  Pediatric Transplantation 2000; 4 (Suppl II): II-114.
  47. The Multicenter Cylexin Study Group.  A multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of Cylexin for reduction of reperfusion injury in infant heart surgery.  Circulation 2000; 102 (Suppl II): II-599.
  48. Cohen MI, Bush DM, Vetter VL, Tanel RE, Gaynor JW, Wieand TS, and Rhodes LA.  Epicardial pacemakers in pediatric patients: 17 years of experience and 1,200 outpatient visits.  Circulation 2000; 102 (Suppl II): II-688.
  49. McElhinney DB, Rychik J, Yang SG, Hogarty AN, Gleason MM, Zachary CH, Rome JJ, Karl TR, DeCampli WM, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Recurrent arch obstruction after repair of isolated coarctation of the aorta in neonates and young infants: Is low birth weight a risk factor?  Pediatr Cardiol 2000; 21:600.
  50. Mahle WT, Gaynor JW, and Spray TL.  Atrioventricular valve replacement in patients with single ventricle.  J Am Coll Cardiol 2001; 37(2): 455A.
  51. Kochilas L, Shores JC, Novello RT, Wernovsky G, Clancy RR, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Rychik R.  Aortic morphometry and microcephaly in the hypoplastic left heart syndrome.  J Am Coll Cardiol 2001; 37:470A.
  52. Mahle WT, Zimmerman RA, Nicolson SC, Galli K, Gaynor JW, Wernovsky G, Montenegro LM, Spray TL, and Kurth CD.  Serial magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in newborns undergoing congenital heart surgery.  Circulation 2001; 104 (Suppl II): II-434.
  53. Ferdman BF, States L, Gaynor JW, Hedrick H, and Rychik J.  Abnormal intestinal rotation in patients with heterotaxy and congenital heart defects.  Circulation 2001; 104 (Suppl II): II-668.
  54. Cohen MI, Bush DM, Gaynor JW, Tanel RE, Vetter VL, and Rhodes LA.  Pediatric pacemaker infections:  Twenty-years of experience.  Circulation 2001; 104 (Suppl II): II-746.
  55. Zeltser I, Menteer J, Gaynor JW, Clark BJ, and Rome JJ.  Impact of re-coarctation following Norwood operation on survival in the balloon angioplasty era.  Circulation 2002; 106 (Suppl II): II-451.
  56. Rychik J, Tian Z-Y, Donaghue D, Cohen M, Ewing S, Gleason M, Rivera L, Gaynor JW, and Spray TL.  Fetal left ventricular hypoplasia:  Can prenatal assessment predict adequacy for a two-ventricle repair?  Circulation 2002; 106 (Suppl II): II-522.
  57. Cohen MS, Marino BD, McElhinney DB, Robbins-Vissor D, Vanderwoerd W, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, and Wernovsky G.  Up to 21 years follow-up after neo-aortic root after staged reconstruction for hypoplastic left heard syndrome.  Circulation 2002:106 (Suppl II): II-334.
  58. Russell KL, Wernovsky G, Goldmuntz E, Gaynor JW, Krantz ID, Ming JE, Saitta S, McDonald-McGinn DM, Celle L, Spinner NB and Zackai EH.  The utility of subtelomeric and chromosome testing in patients with congenital heart defects.  Am J Hum Genet 2002; 71:983?
  59. Zuppa AF, Nicolson SC, Wernovsky G Spray TL, Gaynor JW, Moate P, Hoffman TM, Burnham N, and Adamson PC.  The effects of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and modified ultrafiltration (MUF) on the plasma pharmacokinetics of milrinone (MLR) in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS).  Crit Care Med 2002; 30:613.
  60. Rychik J, Tian Z, Donaghue D, Hoehn KS, Nelson, R, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW, Spray T, Alderfer M, Kazak A.  Assessment of parental stress and decision making in congenital heart disease: Prenatal versus postnatal diagnosis.  Crit Care Med 2003; 31: 562 Supp 5.
  61. Tabbutt S, Ittenbach R, Nicolson SC, Burnham N, Hittle S, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Intracardiac temperature monitoring in infants following heart surgery.  J Am Coll Cardiol 2003; 41: 495A. Crit Care Med 2003; 31:562.
  62. Ades AM, Wernovsky G, Tabbutt S, Nicolson S, Gaynor JW, Spray TL.  Current outcomes of cardiac surgery in the low birth weight infant.  Ped Res 2003; 53:183.
  63. Ichord R, Smith S, Licht D, Sharif U, Raffini L, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Nicolson S, Tabbutt S, Wernovsky G and Clancy RR.  Stroke and acute cerebral injuries presenting subclinical seizures after newborn heart surgery.  Ann Neuro 2003; 54:5110-5111
  64. Gaynor JW, Gerdes M, Zackai EH, Bernbaum J, Clancy R, Newman M, Saunders A, Heagerty P, D’Agostino J, McDonald-McGinn D, Nicolson S, Spray TL, and Jarvik G.  Apolipoprotein E genotype and neurodevelopmental sequelae of infant cardiac surgery.  Circulation 2003; 108 (suppl IV): IV-104.
  65. Wernovsky G, Jarvik G, Bernbaum J, Zackai EH, Clancy R, Nicolson S, Spray TL, and Gaynor JW.  Hypoplastic left heart syndrome: Neurodevelopmental sequelae in the current era.  Circulation 2003; 108 (suppl IV): IV-575
  66. Fogel MA, Durning S, Pollock A, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW, and Nicolson S.  Hierarchy of feedback loops in patients with superior cavopulmonary connection.  Circulation 108 (Suppl IV): IV –574, 2003.
  67. Zeltser I, Petko M, Myung RJ, Waibel RJ, Gaynor JW, Tanel RE, Vetter VL, and Rhodes LA.  Etiologies of arrhythmias in tetralogy of Fallot following surgical repair:  An animal model for chronic pressure verses volume overload.  Circulation 2003; 108 (Suppl IV):IV678-IV: 679.
  68. Ichord R, Clancy RR, Jarvik G, Spray TL, Nicolson S, Tabbutt S, Wernovsky G, Zimmerman R, and Gaynor JW.  Perioperative Stroke is clinically silent in infants undergoing open heart surgery for complex congenital heart disease. Stroke 2004; 35:264
  69. Gillespie MJ, Marino BS, Cohen MS, Korteweg, AE, Henket M, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Tabbutt S, Wernovsky G. Systemic atrioventricular valve surgery in 116 pediatric patients: Risk factors for adverse outcomes. Crit Care Med 2003; 31:217.
  70. Kirshbom PM, Flynn TB, Ittenbach RI, Hartman DM, Burnham NB, Tanel RE, Paridon SM, Spray TL, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW.  Neurodevelopmental outcome after repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection.  J Am Coll Cardiol 2004; 43 (supp A) 394 A
  71. Gillespie MJ, Kuijpers M, Rossem MV, Tabbutt S, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Clark BJ.  Determinants of intensive care unit length stay for infants undergoing cardiac surgery.  J Am Coll Cardiol 2004; 43 (supp A): 379 A
  72. Tanel RE, Paridon SM, Kirshbom PM, Hartman DM, Burnham NB, Ittenbach RF, Spray TL, Gaynor, JW.
    Long-term noninvasive electrophysiologic assessment after repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. J Am Coll Cardiol 2004; 43 (supp A): 395A
  73. Long CB, Shah SS, Lautenbach E, Coffin SE, Tabbutt JW, Gaynor JW and Bell LN.  Mediastinitis in children undergoing cardiac surgery.  Ped Res 2004; 55 (supp 5):332A-332A.
  74. Sharif UM, Ichord R, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Nicolson S, Tabbutt S, Wernovsky G, and Clancy RR. Electrographic neonatal seizures after newborn heart surgery.  Epilepsia 2003; 44: 164.
  75. Shillingford AJ, Glanzman MM, Ittenbach RF, Ma X, Clancy RR, Gaynor JW, and Wernovsky G.  Inattention and hyperactivity are common 6-11 years after neonatal cardiac surgery.  Ped Cardiol 2004; 25: 575.
  76. Levy RJ, Petko M, Yoo CY, Myung RJ, Spray TL, Deutschman CS, and Gaynor JW.  Myocardial cytochrome oxidase increased in cyanotic heart disease.  Ped Cardiol 2004; 25:578.
  77. Shillingford A, Marino B, Ittenbach RF, Fedec A, Rychik J, Clancy RR, Spray TL, Gaynor JW and Wernovsky G.   Microcephaly is Common in Neonates with Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome.  Ped Cardiol 2004; 25: 581.
  78. Petko M, Myung RJ, Judkins A, Waibel R, Ittenbach RF, Gruber PJ, Spray TL, Gaynor JW.  Hypoxemia worsens central nervous system injury secondary to deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.  Ped Cardiol 2004; 25: 580.
  79. McDonough M, Dodds KM, Chrisant M, Menteer JD, Clark BJ, Paridon SM, Acampora J, Menendez J, Dominguez T, Spray TL, Nicolson SC and Gaynor JW.  Psychosocial adjustment to the pulsatile left ventricular assist device in pediatric patients.  Ped Cardiol 2004; 25: 601. 
  80. Menteer JD, Gaynor JW, Clark BJ, Hanna B, and Chrisant MRK.  Panel reactive antibody and ventricular assist device support prior to pediatric heart transplantation.  Ped Cardiol 2004; 25: 600.
  81. Menteer JD, Chrisant MRK, Spray TL, Gruber PJ, Clark BJ, Nicolson S, Hanna BD, Paridon SM, Montenegro LM, Ravishankar C, Dominguez T and Gaynor JW.  Pulsatile ventricular assist devices: one large pediatric center’s experience.  Ped Cardiol 2004; 25: 602.
  82. Zeltser I, Jarvik GP, Bernbaum J, Gerdes M, Wernovsky G, Zackai E, Clancy RR, Nicolson S, Spray TL, Gaynor JW.  Genetic factors are important determinants of neurodevelopmental outcome after repair of Tetralogy of Fallot.  Circulation 2004; 110 (Suppl Ш): Ш – 389.
  83. Sivarajan VB, Acampora J, Clark BJ, Gaynor JW, Hanna BD, Paridon SM, Spray TL, Wernovsky G, Zhao H, Chrisant MRK.  Development and significance of late diastolic dysfunction in pediatric heart transplant patients. J Heart Lung Trans 2005; 24: S112.
  84. Kaltman J, Jarvik GP, Gerdes M, Wernovsky G, Zackai E, Clancy RR, Nicolson SC, Spray TL and Gaynor JW.  Neurodevelopmental outcome following VSD repair in infancy.  J Am Coll Cardiol 2005; 45: 321A.
  85. Sivarajan VB, Chrisant MRK, Ittenbach RF, Clark BJ, Paridon SM, Spray TL, Wernovsky G and Gaynor JW. Prevalence and risk factors for tricuspid valve regurgitation after pediatric orthotopic heart transplantation. Ped Trans 2005; 163: 84.
  86. Licht DJ, Silvestre DW, Wang JJ, Wernovsky G, Nicolson SC, Montenegro LM, Durning SM, Tabbutt S, Shabbout M, Shera DM, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Clancy RR, Detre JA and Zimmerman RA.  Preoperative Cerebral blood flow is diminished in neonates with severe congenital heart defects.  Dev Neurosci 2005; 27: 271-272.
  87. Ballweg JA, Dominguez TE, Ravishankar C, Kreutzer J, Marino BS, Bird GL, Gruber PJ, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW,  Nicolson SC, Spray TL, and Tabbutt S.  A contemporary comparison of the impact of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the hemodynamics and outcome at the stage 2 reconstruction.  Circulation 2005; 112 (suppl) 4441.
  88. Hehir DA, Ballweg JA, Ravishankar C, Tabbutt S, Dominquez TE, Marino BS, Bird GL, Nicolson SC, Spray TL and Gaynor JW. Risk factors for interstage death in infants with single ventricle following hospital discharge after stage 1 reconstruction. Crit Care Med 2005 33 (12): A64-A64
  89. Licht DJ, Wang JJ, Silvestre DW, Tabbutt S, Nicolson SC, Montenegro LM, Wernovsky G, Shera DM, Spray TL, Zimmerman RA, Gaynor JW and Clancy RR.  Reduced preoperative cerebral vascular reactivity in infants with severe congenital heart defects is associated with periventricular leukomalacia.  Stroke 2006; 37 (2): 641-641.
  90. Nicol JW, Gaynor JW and Gooch KJ.  Simultaneously reduced hemodynamics and increased axial strain in engineered arteries leads to additive increase in MMP-9, but not MMP-2 expression, mediated by NF-kappa subunits p50 and p65.  Vasc Pharmacol 2006; 45: 186-187.
  91. Glatz JA, Tabbutt S, Gaynor JW, Rome JJ, Spray TL, Rychik J.  Hypoplastic left heart syndrome and intact or highly restrictive atria septum:  Outcome in the current era of prenatal diagnosis.  Circulation 2006; 114: 545-545.
  92. Davis JA, McBride MG, Seliem MA, Marino BS, Tomlinson RS, Pampolini MH, Gaynor JW, Spray TL and Paridon SM.  Evaluation of myocardial ischemia following surgical repair of anomalous aortic origin of a coronary from the opposite sinus of valsalva in a series of pediatric patients.  Circulation 2006; 114: 391-391.
  93. Rychik J,  Donahue D, Cohen M, Ewing S, Parry S, Johnson M, Wilson RD, Bebbington M, Gruber P, Gaynor JW and Spray TL.  Current outcomes for the fetus with hypoplastic left heart syndrome.  American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2006; 195: S179.
  94. Petit CJ, Gillespie MJ, Harris MA, Seymour TL, Lui TY, Khan AR, Kim R, Rodriquez E, Gaynor JW and Rome JJ.  Stenting of pulmonary artery branch stenosis alleviates pulmonary valves insufficiency in a swine model of repaired tetralogy of Fallot. Circulation 2007; 116: 513.
  95. Rychik J, Montenegro L, Nicolson, S, Rome J, Gaynor  JW, Spray TL, Donaghue D, Combs  J, Miesnik S, Mann S, Bebbington M, Wilson RD, Johnson M. Immediate postpartum access to cardiac therapy: the impact procedure-a strategy for management of the fetus with severe cardiovascular disease.  Amer J of Ob and Gyn 2008; 99: S176.
  96. Marino BS, Tomlinson R, Wernovsky G, Drotar, DD, Hart KW, Buchakjian E, Khoury PJ, Baker A, Coughlin K, Shera D, Newburger J, Mahony L, Mussatto K, Tong E, Cohen M, Wray J, Gaynor  JW, Helfaer MA, Kazak AE, and Shea JA.  The pediatric cardiac duality of life inventory: a new reliable and valid disease-specific quality of life measure for children and adolescents with congenital and acquired heart disease.  Circulation 2008; 118: S989.
  97. Quartermain MD, Ittenbach RF, Flynn T, Gaynor JW, Zhang XM, Licht, DH, Ichord RN, Nance ML, Wernovsky G.  Cardiopulmonary bypass does not cause neurocognitive decline in children and adolescents undergoing repair of acyanotic congenital heart disease.  Circulation 2008; 118: S749.
  98. Predictors of lower quality of life in children and adolescents with surgically palliated or repaired congenital heart disease: a multicenter study. Marino BS, Hart K, Drotar D, Tomlinson R, Mellion K, Ittenbach R, Buchakjian E, Mahony L, Newburger J, Mussatto K, Tong E, Cohen MI, Kazak AE, Shae, JA, Helfaer MA, Gaynor JW and Wernovsky G. JACC 2009; 53: A360.
  99. Oyhe RG, Pearson GD, Lu, MM, Kaltman J, Calderone C, Derby C, Dunbar-Masterson C, Gaynor JW, Jacobs JP, Kaza AK, Pasquali SK, Rhodes JF, Scheurer M, Silver E, Sleeper LA, Tabbutt S, Tweddell JS, Uzark K, Wells W, and Newburger J.  Variation in perioperative management of Norwood surgery in the pediatric heart network’s single ventricle reconstruction trial.  JACC 2011; 57:E428.
  100. Ravishankar C, Zak V, Bellinger D, Cook A, Gaynor JW, Ghanayem N, Krawczeski C, Licht DJ, Mahony L, Newburger J, Pemberton V, Atz T, Khaikin S,  Sananes R, Williams IA, Williams RV, and Hsu D.  Linear growth failure is associated with worse neurodevelopmental outcome in infants with single ventricle physiology. JACC 2011; 57: E420.
  101. Rogers L, Glatz AC, Ravishankar C, Rush C, Nicolson S, Rychik, J, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, and Goldberg DJ.  Eighteen years of the Fontan operation at a single institution: results from 771 consecutive patients.  JACC 2011; 57:E402.
  102. Rossano JW, Lin K, Paridon S, Gaynor JW, Shaddy R, and Kaufman B.  Pediatric heart transplantation from donors with depressed ventricular function: an analysis of the united network organ sharing database.  JACC 2012; 59: E741.
  103. Newburger JW, Sleeper, LA, Bellinger DC, Goldberg CS, Tabbutt S, Lu MM, Mussatoo KA, Williams IA, Gustafson KE, Mital S, Pike N, Sood E, Mahle WT, Cooper DS, Dunbar-Masterson C, Krawczeski CD, Lewis A, Menon S, Pemberton PL, Ravishankar C, Atz, TW, Ohye RG, and Gaynor JW.  Early neurodevelopmental outcome in hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related abnormalities: the Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial. Circulation 2011; 124:S Nov 22, 2011.
  104. Pasquali SK, Jacobs JP, He X, Jacobs ML, O’Brien SM, Hall MJ, Jaquiss RD, Welke KF, Peterson ED, Shah SS, Gaynor JW, and Li JS. Timing of perioperative methylprednisolone and outcome in infants undergoing heart surgery.  Circulation 2011; 124: S Nov 22, 2011.
  105. Rossano JW, Lin KY, Paridon SM, Gaynor JW, Shaddy RE, Kaufman BD.  Pediatric heart transplantation from donors with depressed ventricular function: an analysis of the united network of organ sharing database. J  Heart and  Lung Transplant 2012: 31: S16.
  106. Rossano J, Goldberg D, Mott AR, Ravishankar C, Gaynor JW, Falkensammer C, Paridon S, and Rychik J.  Hospitalizations in single ventricle patients in the United States: prevalence and outcomes from 2000-2006. JACC 2012; 59: E745.
  107. Lefkowitz DS, Novosel RS, Mohamad Z, Scharko A, Lin KY, Shaddy RE, Paridon SM, Miller K, Kaufman BD, Gaynor JW, and Rossano JW.  Psychiatric diagnoses and the use of psychiatric medication in pediatric ventricular assist device recipients.  Pediatric Transplantation 2013; 17: 62.
  108. Pasquali SK, He X, Jacobs M, Shah S, Peterson ED, Hall M, Gaynor JW, Hill KD, Welke KF, Mayer JE, Jacobs JP and Li JS.  Hospital costs for pediatric heart surgery vary widely across institutions.  J Amer Col Cardiol 2013; 61: 10.
  109. Salva JJ, Lin KY, Lefkowitz DS, Paridon SM, Gaynor JW, Hammond R, Shaddy RE, and Rossano JW.  Impact of adolescence age on graft survival in patients with congenital heart disease versus myocarditis.  J Heart Lung Transplant 2013; 32; S191.
  110. Morales DL, Gaynor JW, Rossano JW, Jefferies JL, Ryan TD, Towbin JA, and Lorts A.   The worldwide use of Syncardia Total Artificial Heart in patients with congenital heart disease.   J Heart Lung Transplant 2013; 32: S142.
  111. Lefkowitz DS, Novosel RS, Mohamad Z, Scharko A, Lin KY, Shaddy RE, Paridon SM, Miller K, Kaufman BD, Gaynor JW, and Rossano JW.  Psychiatric diagnoses and the use of psychiatric medication in pediatric ventricular assist device recipients.  J Heart Lung Transplant 2013; 32; S288.
  112. Goldfarb SB, Weinrib S, Kreindler J, Hammond R, Gaynor JW, and Rossano J.  Adolescent CF lung transplant recipients have decreased survival when compared to CF lung transplant recipients in other age groups.  J Heart Lung Transplant 2013; 32: S150.
  113. Yi JJ, Tang SX, Whinna DA, McDonald-McGinn DM, Bailey A, Souders MC, Meyers N, Burnham N, Gaynor JW, Goldmuntz E, Zackai EH, Emanuel B, and Gur RC. Congenital heart disease in 22Q11.2 deletion syndrome in school age children is not associated with increased psychopathology or neurocognitive impairment.  Biological Psychiatry 2013; 73: 285S.
Books
  1. Lyerly HK and Gaynor JW (eds). The Handbook of Surgical Intensive Care: Practices of the Surgical Residents at the Duke University Medical Center, 3rd Edition. Chicago: Mosby Year Book, 1992.
  2. Spanish Translation-Lyerly HK and Gaynor JW (eds). The Handbook of Surgical Intensive Care, 3rd Edition. Chicago: Mosby Year Book, 1992.
  3. German Translation-Lyerly HK, Gaynor JW, and Foitzik T (eds). The Handbook of Surgical Intensive Care, 3rd Edition. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 1994.
Book Chapters
  1. Gaynor JW and Sabiston DC Jr.  Patent ductus arteriosus, coarctation of the aorta, aortopulmonary window, and anomalies of the aortic arch.  Chap. 47, Sect. II in: Essentials of Surgery.  Sabiston DC Jr (ed).  Philadelphia:  W.B. Saunders Company, 1987, 1061-1076.
  2. Rankin JS, Gaynor JW, Feneley MP, Glower DD, Spratt JA, Tyson GS, Maier GW, Olsen CO, Skelton TW, and Bashore TM.  Diastolic myocardial mechanics and the regulation of cardiac performance.  In: Diastole.  Grossman W and Lorell B, (eds).  Massachusetts: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1987.
  3. Gaynor JW.  Cardiac Monitoring.  Chap. 20 in: The Handbook of Surgical Intensive Care: Practices of the Surgery Residents at the Duke University Medical Center, 2nd Edition.  Lyerly HK (ed).  Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers, 1989, 531-560.
  4. Rankin JS, Elbeery JR, Lucke JC, Gaynor JW, Harpole DH, Feneley MP, Nikolic S, and Glower DD.  On the law of the heart and related topics.  In: Critical Care: State of the Art, Volume 10.  Fullerton, CA:  Society of Critical Care Medicine, 1989.
  5. Rankin JS, Elbeery JR, Lucke JC, Gaynor JW, Harpole DH, Feneley MP, Nikolic S, Maier GS, Tyson GS, Olsen CO, and Glower DD.  An energetic analysis of myocardial performance.  Chap. C, Sect. III in: Cardiac Mechanics and Function in the Normal and Diseased Heart.  Hori M, Suga H, Baan J, Yellin EL (eds).  Tokyo: Springer Verlag, 1989, 165-188.
  6. Gaynor JW and Sabiston DC Jr.  Patent ductus arteriosus, coarctation of the aorta, aortopulmonary window, and anomalies of the aortic arch.  Vol. II, Chap. II in: Surgery of the Chest, 5th Edition.  Sabiston DC Jr and Spencer FC (eds).  Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1990, 1128-1172.
  7. Gaynor JW and Sabiston DC Jr.  Patent ductus arteriosus, coarctation of the aorta, aortopulmonary window, and anomalies of the aortic arch.  Chap. IV in: Textbook of Surgery: The Biological Basis of Modern Surgical Practice, 14th Edition.  Sabiston DC Jr (ed). Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1991, 1855-1872.
  8. Elbeery JR and Gaynor JW.  Hemodynamic management.  Chap. 2 in: The Handbook of Surgical Intensive Care: Practices of the Surgical Residents at the Duke University Medical Center, 3rd Edition.  Lyerly HK and Gaynor JW (eds).  Chicago: Mosby Year Book Medical Publishers, 1992, 17-61.
  9. Gaynor JW.  Shock.  Chap. 3 in: The Handbook of Surgical Intensive Care: Practices of the Surgical Residents at the Duke University Medical Center, 3rd Edition.  Lyerly HK and Gaynor JW (eds).  Chicago: Mosby Year Book Medical Publishers, 1992, 62-79.
  10. Gaynor JW.  Congestive Heart Failure.  Chap. 5, Sec. III-B in: The Handbook of Surgical Intensive Care: Practices of the Surgical Residents at the Duke University Medical Center, 3rd Edition.  Lyerly HK and Gaynor JW (eds).  Chicago: Mosby Year Book Medical Publishers, 1992, 134-137.
  11. Gaynor JW.  Patent ductus arteriosus, coarctation of the aorta, and anomalies of the aortic arch.  Chap. IV in: Textbook of Surgery, Pocket Companion.  Sabiston DC Jr and Lyerly HK (eds).  Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1992, 856-864.
  12. Gaynor JW.  Congenital cardiac disorders: Patent ductus arteriosus, coarctation of the aorta, interruption of the aortic arch, aortopulmonary window, anomalies of the aortic arch, pulmonary artery sling, atrial septal defects, and ventricular septal defects.  Chap. 49, Sec. I in: Sabiston Essentials of Surgery, 2nd Edition.  Sabiston DC Jr and Lyerly HK (eds).  Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1994, 666-675.
  13. Gaynor JW and Ungerleider RM.  Aortopulmonary window.  Chap. 19 in: Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, 2nd Edition.  Mavroudis C and Backer CL (eds).  Chicago: Mosby-Year Book, Inc., 1994, 247-252.
  14. Gaynor JW, Kern FH, Greeley WJ, and Ungerleider RM.  Management of cardiopulmonary bypass in infants and children: Deep hypothermia and total circulatory arrest.  Vol. II, Chap. 60 in: Glenn’s Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 6th Edition.  Baue AE, et al (eds).  Stamford:  Appleton and Lange, 1995, 1023-1034.
  15. Gaynor JW and Sabiston DC Jr.  Patent ductus arteriosus, coarctation of the aorta, aortopulmonary window, and anomalies of the aortic arch.  Vol. II, Chap. 33 in: Surgery of the Chest, 6th Edition.  Sabiston DC Jr and Spencer FC (eds).  Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1995, 1275-1315.
  16. Ungerleider RM and Gaynor JW.  Pulmonary atresia or stenosis with intact ventricular septum.  Vol. II, Chap. 39 in: Surgery of the Chest, 6th Edition.  Sabiston DC Jr and Spencer FC (eds).  Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1995, 1492-1508.
  17. Gaynor JW and Sabiston DC Jr.  Patent ductus arteriosus, coarctation of the aorta, aortopulmonary window, and anomalies of the aortic arch.  Chap. III in: Textbook of Surgery: The Biological Basis of Modern Surgical Practice, 15th Edition.  Sabiston DC Jr  (ed). Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1996, 1961-1975.
  18. Shah MJ, Rome JJ, Rychik J, Gaynor JW, and Spray TL.  Outcome of primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot in the newborn period.  In:  Proceedings of the Second World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery.  Imai Y and Momma K (eds).  New York:  Futura Publishing Company, 1998, 446.
  19. Gaynor JW.  Modified ultrafiltration following cardiopulmonary bypass.  In:  Proceedings of the Second World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery.  Imai Y and Momma K (eds).  New York:  Futura Publishing Company, 1998, 626.
  20. Ungerleider RM, Plunkett MD, and Gaynor JW.  Congenital heart disease.  Chap. 58 in: Surgery of Infants and Children: Scientific Principles and Practice.  Oldham KT, Colombani PM, and Foglia RP (eds).  Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven Company, 1997, 971-986.
  21. Gaynor JW and Sabiston DC Jr.  Patent ductus arteriosus, coarctation of the aorta, aortopulmonary window, and anomalies of the aortic arch.  Chap. III in: Textbook of Surgery: Pocket Companion.  Sabiston DC Jr and Lyerly HK (eds).  Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1997, 705-711.
  22. Gaynor JW.  Coronary artery anomalies.  Chap. 88 in: Mastery of Cardiothoracic Surgery.  Kaiser LR, Kron IL, and Spray TL (eds).  Boston: Lippincott-Raven, 1998, 880-893.
  23. Gaynor JW and Spray TL.  Congenital heart disease and anomalies of the great vessels.  Vol. 2, Part IX in: Pediatric Surgery, 5th Edition.  O'Neill JA, Rowe MI, Grosfeld JL, Fonkalsrud EW, and Coran AG (eds).  St. Louis: Mosby, 1998, 1835-1848.
  24. Gaynor JW and Spray TL.  Heart and Lung Transplantation.  Chap. 61 in: Pediatric Surgery and Urology: Long-Term Outcomes.  Stringer MD, Oldham KT, Mouriquand PDE, and Howard ER (eds).  London: W.B. Saunders, 1998, 765-776.
  25. Gaynor JW.  Reconstructive surgery: The Fontan operation and modifications.  In: The Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome.  Wernovsky G and Rychik J (eds).  Kluwer Academic Publishing, 2003, 149-166.
  26. Gaynor JW.  Aortopulmonary Window and Aortic Origin of a Pulmonary Artery.  In: Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, 3rd Edition.  Mavroudis C and Backer CL (eds).  Mosby, 2003, 353-360.
  27. Gaynor JW.  Coronary Artery Anomalies.  In: Operative Cardiac Surgery, 5th Edition.  Gardner TJ and Spray TL (eds).  London:  Arnold Publishers, 2004, 879-892.
  28. Wernovsky G and Gaynor JW.  Long-term neurological outcomes in children with congenital heart disease.  In: Avery’s Diseases of the Newborn, 8th Edition.  Taeusch HW, Ballard RA, and Gleason CA (eds).  Elsevier Saunders, 2005, 896 –901.
  29. Gaynor JW.  Coarctation, Aortopulmonary Collaterals, and Aortopulmonary Shunts.  In: Sabiston & Spencer Surgery of the Chest, 7th Edition. del Nido P, Swanson SJ (eds).  Elsevier 2005, 1913-1931.
  30.  Brothers JA and Gaynor JW. Surgery for Congenital Anomalies of the Coronary Arteries.  John Hopkins Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 2nd Edition.  Yan S, Doty J, and Versula L (eds.) McGraw-Hill.
  31. Brothers JA, Gaynor JW.  Surgery for Congenital Anomalies of the Coronary Arteries. In: Sabiston and Spencer Surgery of the Chest, 8th Edition. Selke, Del Nido, Swanson (eds). Elsevier 2010, 1963-1980.
  32. Ravishankar C, Dominquez TE, Rosenthal TM, and Gaynor JW. Mechanical Circulatory Support in the Patient with Congenital Heart Disease. In:  Heart Failure in Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult.  Shaddy RE (Eds). 2011. 123-153.
  33. Berkowitz DH, Gaynor JW.  Management of pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass.  Chap. 10 in: Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Fourth Edition.  Mavroudis C, Backer CL, Idriss RF (eds).  New York: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013, 169-213.
  34. Fuller S, Gaynor JW. Aortopulmonary window and aortic origin of a pulmonary window. Chap. 20 in: Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Fourth Edition.  Mavroudis C, Backer CL, Idriss RF (eds).  New York: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013, 376-384.
  35. Brothers JA, Gaynor JW.  Coronary artery anomalies in children.  Chap. 98 in: Mastery of Cardiothoracic Surgery. Kaiser LR, Kron IL, Spray TL (eds).  Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2014, 1055-1073.
  36. Brothers JA, Gaynor JW.  Surgery for congenital coronary artery anomalies.  Chap. 83 in: The Johns Hopkins Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 2nd Edition.  Yuh D, Vricella L (eds).  Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2014, 1277-1294.
 
Awards, Honors and Membership in Honorary Societies
   
1990 Weck Surgical Residents Award
 
1982 William H. Lee, Jr. Award
 
1981 Alpha Omega Alpha
 
1978 Phi Beta Kappa
 
 
 

Dr. J. William Gaynor

 
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