The 44th Street and Market Street location is closed when the city exercises
the right of eminent domain to bring the subway up through the hospital grounds.
The hospital builds the North Building, a modern facility on the 49th Street
and Market Street grounds, consolidating all patient facilities in one location
known as The Institute of Pennsylvania Hospital.
The Preston Maternity Hospital affiliates with Pennsylvania Hospital, and in
1971 the Preston Building opens, housing maternity services, laboratories
and educational facilities. It is named for Dr. Jonas Preston, a 19th century
Philadelphia obstetrician and philanthropist.
In the closing decades of the 20th century, Pennsylvania Hospital
is a source of hope for childless couples, of reassurance to
women experiencing high risk pregnancies and of life itself to
newborn infants at risk. The hospital's work in reproductive
fertility is among the most important being conducted anywhere.
The state's first outpatient community mental health facility is founded at
Pennsylvania Hospital - The
Hall Mercer Community Mental Health and Mental Retardation Center. It
serves its immediate neighborhood and provides ambulatory services, short-term
adult inpatient care, child and family mental health services, developmental
disabilities treatment and child development programs. In 1969 the Center
moves to its own building.
The 225th anniversary of the founding of Pennsylvania Hospital and the year
of the nation's bicentennial celebration, the historical Pine Building is
restored. To complete the 25-year development program begun in the 1960s,
and in preparation for the new Core Building and Gallery Pavilion, the Outpatient
Building is demolished, as well as the Elm Building and its connecting passageways.
Design elements from the old structures become a part of the new construction.
During this time period the hospital's statue of William Penn is also revitalized
at the Center for Archaeometry at Washington University of St. Louis.
Pennsylvania Hospital is home to the first Antenatal Testing Unit (ATU) in
The first GIFT (Gamete IntraFallopian Transfer) pregnancy in Philadelphia is
achieved, laying the groundwork for Pennsylvania Hospital's role in assisted
reproductive technologies in the years to come. This is one of the first
GIFT programs introduced in the United States.
The Adult Day Health Center is opened. Providing medically supervised daytime
care and comprehensive health and rehabilitation services for disabled and
chronically ill older adults, it is the first hospital-based adult day care
in Philadelphia. The Center becomes a leader in the field of adult day care.
Pennsylvania Hospital is home to two obstetrical firsts: the first Birthing
Suite in a tertiary care hospital in the state is opened, and the first gestational
carrier and egg donor programs in the Delaware Valley are begun to complement
Pennsylvania Hospital's existing fertility services.
A milestone in the volume of joint
replacements is reached: 10,000. Pennsylvania Hospital is number one in
the country in total joint replacements.
Pennsylvania Hospital is the first in the region to achieve 1,000 live births
from In-vitro fertilization, GIFT and other assisted reproductive technologies.
The first Perinatal Evaluation and Treatment Unit (PETU) in the area is staffed
by perinatologists to assist in the evaluation of high-risk situations that
develop during labor and delivery.
In the face of shrinking revenues from insurance providers, the hospital decides
to sell its West Philadelphia psychiatric care facility. Behavioral
health services, for the first time in over 150 years, move back to the
8th Street campus.
For the first time in its history, and to accommodate the changes
in the healthcare arena, Pennsylvania Hospital's Board of Managers
decides to merge with
another historic Philadelphia institution, the University of
Pennsylvania Health System. The University of Pennsylvania, also
founded by Benjamin Franklin, traces its origins back to 1740.
Pennsylvania Hospital becomes the home of the Penn Neurological Institute (PNI).
The PNI houses the Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Center which
is ranked by U.S. News and World Report as highest in the Philadelphia region
and in the top ten nationally for medical and surgical treatments of neurological
Pennsylvania Hospital builds the Women's Imaging Center which
offers mammography, breast ultrasound, stereotactic breast biopsy
(a minimally invasive method of monitoring breast lumps), and
bone density testing for osteoporosis. Radiologists interpret
results during a woman's initial visit, setting Pennsylvania
Hospital apart from most hospitals in the region.
Pennsylvania Hospital performs nearly 17,600 surgical procedures
each year, ranking it among the top five most active surgical
facilities in the region.
The Center for Bloodless Medicine and Surgery at Pennsylvania
Hospital is one of only a few services of its kind on the East
Coast, and is the premier provider in the Delaware Valley.
Pennsylvania Hospital is chosen by the City of Philadelphia
as one of only five places in the region to provide 24-hour emergency
psychiatric care. The Hospital creates the Crisis Response Center
within its Hall Mercer Community Mental Health Mental Retardation
Pennsylvania Hospital continues to be a regional leader in orthopaedic care.
Services are provided by Penn Orthopaedic Institute, the University of Pennsylvania
Health System's faculty practice, and Booth Bartolozzi Balderston Orthopaedics.
Together, they provide services under the brand name of Penn Orthopaedics.
Penn Orthopaedics includes more full-time orthopaedic specialists than any
program in the region, and these doctors perform more orthopaedic procedures,
including total knee replacements, than anyone else in the Delaware Valley.
The Penn Neurological Institute expands with the addition of
the ALS Association Center at Pennsylvania Hospital and offers
the most comprehensive, current care for ALS (amyotrophic lateral
sclerosis, often referred to as Lou Gehrig's disease) patients
in the Philadelphia region.
The Joan Karnell Cancer Center at Pennsylvania Hospital moves
to its new home, the historic Farm Journal building on Washington
Square. The Center contains a comprehensive outpatient hematology/oncology
service, a state-of-the-art chemotherapy suite, and a family
education center in a single location.
The Joint Commission for Accreditation of Healthcare Organization sends the
following message to the hospital upon completion of its year 2000 survey: "The
team would like to express to your staff our finding of their exceptional
dedication to their hospital and patients. You have created a model of quality
and caring for both your patients and the community you serve."
Pennsylvania Hospital considerably expands its rehabilitation
services by creating an acute inpatient unit in the hospital
and an outpatient rehabilitation center for patients with movement
disorders in the Penn Neurological Institute.
Pennsylvania Hospital celebrates its 250th anniversary on May 11.
Take a Virtual
Tour of the Pine Building