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Publications Note

General Note


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Section III. The Historic Image Collection
Prints, Slides, and Negatives, c.1749-1997 + [n.d.]

The vast majority of images were taken by hospital photographers hired for the purpose of documenting Hospital events, staff members, and Hospital property. Hospital photographer Robert S. Halvey took the vast majority of images from 1948 and 1984. Nevertheless, the collection also contains the work of several other professional photographers, including but not limited to F. Gutekunst, G.M. Gilbert (Gilbert & Bacon), Emil Forney, L. Richmond Brittingham, William M. Rittase, Aaron J. Greenberg, James L. Dillon and Company, Bairstow Studios, A. Morse and Company, Jules Schick, United States Photo View Company, D. Sargent Bell, Rey W. Cooper, Broadbent Brothers, Phillips Studios, Wolpe Studios, Henry F. Beidleman, William H. Rau, and Wenderoth, Taylor & Brown.

General Overview of the Collection:
The Pennsylvania Hospital’s Historic Image Collection is comprised of over 20,100 unique photographic prints, slides, and negatives, which document the history of the hospital from the dawn of photography to the end of the 20th Century. The photographs contain imagery of numerous subjects including, but not limited to: Hospital architecture, nursing school activities, Hospital events, and a diverse range of patient care activities. However, the most abundant group of images in the collection consists of thousands of portraits of hospital personnel, from prominent doctors to laundry staff members. The images in the collection not only paint a complete picture of Pennsylvania Hospital’s own unique past, but also provide a more generalized view of the evolution of medical and social history. It is certain that anyone interested in the history of Pennsylvania Hospital, or in the history of medicine in general, would find the collection both interesting and useful.

The vast majority of the images were taken in Philadelphia, with the exception of the World War I & II photographs, which document the activities of Pennsylvania Hospital personnel at overseas bases during military conflict.

Many of the earliest photographs in the collection were taken by well-known Philadelphia photographers, including Frederick Gutekunst, William H. Rau, and Gilbert Bacon. However, though the collection spans the period from c.1850 to 1997, the vast majority of images were taken between 1948 and 1984 by hospital staff photographer Robert S. Halvey.

The collection contains a variety of media. There are approximately 4,400 loose prints ranging in size from 1”x1” to 35”x7.5”. There are 11 photo albums, which combined contain nearly 1,250 prints. 500 stereoscopic prints are housed in the collection, as well as one cased photograph. There are close to 950 slides in the collection, in both lantern and 35mm slide format. Finally, there are approximately 14,225 negatives in the collection, most of which are 4x5 film negatives, but there are also close to 200 glass plate negatives. Most images are in black and white, though some color images appear sporadically throughout the collection.

Funding Note
The processing of this collection was made possible through a grant from the National Historic Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).

Notes on Arrangement:
The Historic Image Collection has been subdivided into eight series based on the format of images. Images of similar formats were organized together to ensure the best environment for each individual image, and also for ease of storage. Within each series, images have been arranged by subject. Most of these subseries have been further divided into more specific, descriptive categories. At the smallest level of organization, the images have been arranged chronologically. Subseries titles have been repeated in every series where appropriate. A more detailed description of the arrangement follows.

Series and Subseries Descriptions:

Notes on Restricted Access:
Not all materials in the collection are publicly accessible or reproducible. The physical condition of an item, copyright issues, donor restrictions, and Federal or State regulations will determine restrictions on access and reproductions.

According to the Hospital Insurance Portability & Accountability Act (HIPAA), effective April 14th, 2003, Hospital employees are not permitted to provide access to identifying information of any patient - past, present, or future. As a result, access to, or reproductions of, any images in which patients appear, cannot be granted, unless the patients' faces are blurred so as to be unrecognizable.

Requests for Reproductions and Publishing/ Use Rights:
When deemed appropriate, and when not restricted by federal or donor regulations, the Archivist may grant one-time, non-exclusive rights to publish hospital images. Reproduction costs, Service charges, and Publication/ use fees may apply.

All requests for image reproductions must be in writing and should be delivered to the Hospital Archivist at least three weeks prior to the date the image is needed. Please request to view the "Details of Image Reproduction Services" information page and the "Image Services Fee Schedule" for additional information regarding image reproductions.

The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies and other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of the specified conditions is that the photocopy or other reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement. This institution reserves the right to refuse to accept a copying order if, in its judgment, fulfillment of the order would involve violation of copyright law.

Reproductions of materials in the Historic Collections of Pennsylvania Hospital are provided as a service to expedite research and lessen wear on image/ documents, and are made solely for the personal use of the individual researcher requesting them. Reproductions may not be transferred to another individual or organization, deposited at another institution, or reduplicated without prior permission of the Pennsylvania Hospital. Duplication by the Hospital in no way transfers either the copyright or the property right. Similarly, duplication by the Hospital does not constitute permission to publish, or to display materials, without the express written consent of the Pennsylvania Hospital Archivist via a signed Permission to Publish and/or Exhibit Materials form, and the payment of use fees where applicable.

Preferred Citation:
Courtesy of the Pennsylvania Hospital Historic Collections, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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